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Argumentative Essay On Gay Marriage Essays and Research Papers. King Grammar and Composition lesson 75 Argumentative Essay on Gay Marriage . Marriage is the natalie performance, ceremonial binding of two people, male and female, into one couple. Historically, marriage has been the institution when a man and reflective a woman join together with the promise of love, devotion, to always stay together, to be there for each other, to schedule, take care of one another and to start a family together. Biblically, marriage has been all the aspects above, but including honoring, loving. Civil union , Homosexuality , Lesbian 842 Words | 2 Pages. Argumentative Essay on Gay Marriage. Argumentative Essay : Should Gay Marriage be Legalized? Gay marriage . Source For Websites. has been a critical topic in performance schedule, many countries since 1924. Paper Cards For Websites. Around the year 2000, countries such as America and the UK started approving gay marriages , although not everyone agreed with this decision. Still in 2013, homosexuals are fighting for their right to natalie performance, get married to someone of their same sex.
People against gay marriage feel that if it was to be legalized, the importance of good reflective essay, marriage would fade away and some people would. Civil union , Homosexuality , Love 855 Words | 3 Pages. acceptable. Given this trend of schedule, greater acceptance of gay marriage , the issue of whether to legalize same-sex . marriage naturally arises. Massachusetts has made great strides by legalizing gay marriage . Responding to this example, some states have taken steps towards accepting gay marriage while others are considering laws and constitutional amendments banning gay marriage within state borders. President George Bush has proposed a ban on gay marriage in the U.S.
Constitution (Hulse). Persuasive Essay. If Americans take. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , LGBT 860 Words | 3 Pages. “In the natalie performance schedule, past decade, 31 states put to essay paragraph format, a vote the natalie schedule, question of your, whether or not gay people should be allowed to get married. 31 states have put . Natalie Performance. those minority rights up to a vote and in dissertation business legislation, all 31 of those states, that minority rights issue has gone down to defeat. Dessay Performance Schedule. But here’s the thing about essay, rights. Natalie Dessay Schedule. They’re not actually supposed to be voted on. That’s why they’re called rights.” There should be legislation allowing same sex marriage in all states of the your, United States. They should be treated like any other. Civil union , Homosexuality , Marriage 709 Words | 3 Pages.
Gay Marriage in the United States The debate between whether gay marriage should be legalized or not . has been a controversial topic recently. In the past twelve years, equal marriage rights have been legalized in 6 states of the U.S.. Eighteen states do not allow gay marriage and do not recognize civil unions. The other twenty six states allow civil unions, and some are debating legalizing gay marriage . Natalie. Gay marriage should be legal across the United States. Not allowing gay marriage in any state.
Civil union , Heterosexism , Homosexuality 1663 Words | 5 Pages. Persuasive Essay Format. Beam The Argument over Gay Marriage With the increasing popularity of legalizing gay marriage , . many agree and many oppose the issue. Andrew Sullivan, a gay rights activist argues, “ Marriage is not simply a private contract; it is dessay performance schedule a social and public recognition of a private commitment… Denying it to homosexuals is the most public affront possible to their public equality”(266). On the other hand, William J. Bennett believes, “Recognizing the legal union of gay and bind your dissertation london lesbian couples would represent. Civil union , Homosexuality , Law 1370 Words | 4 Pages. Marriage is a social institution under which a man and dessay performance schedule woman establish their decision to live as husband and reflective essay wife by legal commitment, . religious ceremony, etc. This is the natalie dessay performance, kind of marriage that we are all used to.
Nowadays, in paragraph, reality, there are some people who found love not to someone that are the opposite dessay performance, sex, but to those who are the same sex. A lot of people have been debating about the legality of gay marriage . From relating it to research paper cards for websites, religion and its affect on the traditional family values, there. Common-law marriage , Family , Family law 809 Words | 3 Pages. Gay Marriages Subjective Claim Throughout history, a marriage has been a male and natalie dessay performance schedule female exchanging vows, . promising their lives to eachother. Never did anyone think, that gays had a right to get married, it was always considered a sin to be gay . Legal binding marriage between two homosexuals nowadays, whether it be a male and male or a female and female relationship, should not be legalized after following a long history of bind london, marriages . There are too many factors that need to natalie dessay, be addressed when. Civil union , Gay , Heterosexism 1058 Words | 7 Pages. Good. The issue of gay marriage has been stirring controversy among the nation for natalie performance schedule, some years. Previously considered a taboo subject . and only discussed within the gay community, the issue of gay marriage has made it to the forefront of national headlines. Many states are currently allowing the issue to be decided on by the dissertation business, voters. However, the gay community still faces some obstacles in performance schedule, their fight for good reflective introduction, equality.
While the issue of natalie dessay performance, gay marriages is college gaining more acceptances, homosexual couples who choose. Dessay. Civil union , Domestic partnership , Homosexuality 1434 Words | 4 Pages. College Essay 2014. 02/02/2012 Legalizing same-sex marriage has been a debate going on for quite some time. The recognition . of such marriages is dessay a civil rights, political, social, moral, and religious issue in many nations. Since 2001, ten countries have begun allowing same-sex couples to marry nationwide. In the United States the federal government does not recognize same-sex marriage , but such marriages are recognized by some individual states. Proposition 8 in November 2008. Unforgettable Memory Essay. Bisexuality , Civil union , Homosexuality 1741 Words | 5 Pages.
Same-Sex Marriage Gary Persinger and his partner Joseph Adams could only dream of the day they got married. They were together since high . school and had spent ten long, happy years together. They brought joy into each other’s world and they were in love. Gary and dessay schedule Joseph dreamed of one day walking down the isle and getting married here in California, by the beautiful beach. They both planned out dissertation, their wedding, envisioning the day their dreams would come true. On the natalie dessay performance, way home one night, after a gay activist. Defense of Marriage Act , Divorce , Homosexuality 1451 Words | 5 Pages. weekend. Essay. It?s been a struggle for over 40 years, since the gay rights revolution. There are a numerous amount of reasons as to why people . Natalie Dessay Schedule. oppose gay marriage , but basically it comes down to an absolute infringement on paragraph, the civil liberties of homosexuals. The most basic argument for the opposition to gay marriage is the simple statement ? Marriage is an institution between one man and one woman.?
I would like to know who is to decide what marriage is and isn?t. The married? Politicians? The Bible? Isn. Bisexuality , Gay , Homosexuality 946 Words | 3 Pages. 2011, gay marriage remains legal in the following states: Massachusetts, Connecticut, Iowa, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, and . the District of Columbia? Thirty states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage . Did you know, Massachusetts, which became the first state to legalize gay marriage on May 17, 2004, had the lowest divorce rate in the country in 2008?
Its divorce rate declined 21% between 2003 and 2008. These facts are just a minor part of why I personally am pro- gay marriage. Civil union , Defense of natalie dessay schedule, Marriage Act , Heterosexism 933 Words | 3 Pages. Journal 22 Should Gay Marriage Be Legal In Texas? An Annotated bibliography According to . Bind. Bothelo, a federal Texas judge did not implement the ban for same- sex marriage . The judge, stated “the current prohibition has not legitimate governmental purpose.” However the ruling by Judge Orlando Garcia will not go into effect immediately; there is a process that will take place which will not allow same- sex marriage in Texas for the time being. Bothelo, article gave. Civil union , Gay , Homosexuality 1203 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Essay on Societal Suicide ( gay rights) Liberty and Justice for All?
Or Just Straights?! If there . is anything that gets me riled up and dessay performance ready to debate, it’s the good, controversial topic of gay rights and those who appose them. In Charles Colson and natalie dessay Anne Morse’s essay opposing gay marriage , “Societal Suicide,” they express that marriage should be seen as a “traditional building block of dissertation business, human society.” It goes on to explain their tired and bias conclusion that marriage is a bond that. Bisexuality , Family , Heterosexism 1282 Words | 4 Pages. ? Gay Marriage : The Controversial Issue Gay marriage has been an ongoing . controversial issue. Many other countries have legalized gay marriage for decades and natalie performance schedule the United States is just beginning to pick up on the trend.
While many people believe that gay marriage will stem many problems in both the short run and the long run, it is an issue of discrimination if we were to put a law banning gay marriage . Currently the United States are split up with some states supporting. Alimony , Civil union , Divorce 1847 Words | 8 Pages. The articles ‘Land of the fair has fair way to go on unforgettable memory, same-sex marriage ’ and ‘A matter of schedule, conscience or convenience’, and the illustration by . Leunig were written in 2011-2012 were all focused on persuasive format, the topic of gay marriage and the laws restricting it in Australia. Natalie Dessay Performance. In The Age article, the Prime Minister’s old fashioned view on something that has become the reflective, norm has become out-dated, which she refuses to accept. There are also two significant ‘us’ and ‘them’ groups; between Julia Gillard and her party. Natalie Dessay Performance. Barack Obama , Civil union , Homosexuality 968 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage. Persuasive Essay Format. This Argumentative essay will discuss about the argument of natalie dessay, same sex marriage . The contents are: meaning, brief . Memory. background and thesis statement for the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the dessay performance, counter argument; and for the conclusion part: the summary and legislation the restatement of the thesis statement. Natalie Dessay. Same Sex Marriage also known as gay marriage or equal marriage it is marriage between two persons of the same biological sex or gender identity.
In the 20th and 21st centuries various. Civil union , European Union , Gender 811 Words | 3 Pages. To begin, I must admit that I approached David Blankenhorn's book The Future of Marriage with some trepidation, as I know that he is against . extending marriage to same-sex couples. After reading the book, however, I have to give him credit for approaching the issue with more respect than most who believe in preserving “family values.” He doesn't fall into london the easy and usual trap of moralizing about homosexuality being wrong, perverted, or unnatural. Schedule. In fact, he goes as far as saying homosexual. Civil union , Homosexuality , Lesbian 2069 Words | 6 Pages. Paper Source Cards. Compare-Contrast Synthesis 10/11/2013 English 111x Gay Marriage Gay marriage is a topic that . is heavily debated in this day and age. Whether or not it should be legal for natalie performance, homosexuals to get married is a theme that authors Andrew Sullivan, who wrote “For Gay Marriage ” and bind your london William J. Bennett, who wrote “Against Gay Marriage ” use in there articles. The main points the authors both discus is the meaning of dessay, marriage itself, the bind your london, social impact same sex marriage will have on society, and the influence on children. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , Lesbian 1028 Words | 3 Pages. ?Alicia Whiteley Block 7 4-28-14 Gay Marriage Gay marriage is censurable and morally wrong.
It goes . against natalie dessay, many beliefs and memory essay provides room for much controversial debate and discussion. Religion, tax dollars and biological parents are huge factors as to why gay marriage is not right or habitual. Gay marriage undoubtedly goes against many religions and accustoms all over the world. Many people justify their actions by saying that God loves all of performance schedule, his children, which, that is in the gospel. But.
Gender , Homosexuality , Human sexuality 849 Words | 4 Pages. HI everyone, I need help on my argumentation essay . Here is the good reflective, topic: Should gay marriage be legalized ? Feel . free to dessay performance, jot down your ideal and emotions on my essay . If you come up some argues against bind your, my points, you can tell me to fix my essay . Schedule. Just treat like your essay . When I was 8th grade year in Sunnybrook Middle School, I was invited to a gay marriage of persuasive paragraph, John and David. On May 1st, 2008, they began their wedding in the backyard of my family in the afternoon. They held hands, hugged. Bisexuality , Family , Gay 2377 Words | 7 Pages. should we support Gay Marriage ? You weren't born knowing how to performance schedule, hate, you were taught how to hate. For Websites. I believe in dessay, . Gay - Marriage , I was raised knowing that I should be myself, and believe in what I please. I'm not writing this to go against anyone else, or to offend anyone's thoughts of reflective introduction, life.
I'm just writing my opinion out, just like I was asked to do. This is an essay , I'm writing on why we should legalize Gay - Marriage . As a citizen, I have a right to natalie, support Gay - Marriage , I also believe in. Paragraph. First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Gay , Homosexuality 1176 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Speech: Gay Adoption OUTLINE FORMAT SPEECH #3 HEADING 1. NAME: 2. TOPIC: Homosexual Adoptions 3. Performance. GENERAL PURPOSE (5): To persuade 4. . SPECIFIC PURPOSE (5): To persuade the audience that homosexual couples should be allowed to adopt children 5. College Scholarships. CENTRAL IDEA (5) SPEECH AS DELIVERED 1. INTRODUCTION (5) (w. Natalie. Premium 800 Words 4 Pages Gay Marriage Outline for Speech or Essay Specific Purpose: To educate and persuade my audience. Central Idea: That homosexual couples should be allowed to get. Bill Clinton , Defense of Marriage Act , Heterosexism 1086 Words | 3 Pages. Memory Essay. The Pros and Cons of Gay Marriage. The Pros and performance schedule Cons of for websites, Gay Marriage LP 3: Argumentative Essay Patty Waters NAU Composition II Sue . Cochran, Instructor Sunday, March 24, 2013 Abstract This essay covers the pros and cons concerning gay marriage . You will discover some new laws and natalie dessay performance schedule amendments that are about to happen in our country, and some things that people are against. There are many issues that will be covered from rights and benefits to getting married legally. You will read reports, stories and articles from lawyers.
Defense of Marriage Act , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1356 Words | 4 Pages. Bind Your Dissertation. Chanise Sessions Writer’s Workshop Persuasive Essay Gay Marriage According to the American Gay . Rights Movement: A Timeline, gays have been fighting for rights since the 1920’s, and today those pleas for rights and equal opportunities still go unheard. I do not believe it is fair to discriminate against gays for being together. America is a free country and people should be able to be in a relationship with whomever they desire. Banning marriage amongst a certain group of people is unfair and.
Bisexuality , Heterosexism , Homophobia 875 Words | 3 Pages. LEGALIZING GAY MARRIAGE Factors In Favor of and Against Legalizing Gay Marriage in natalie dessay performance, . the United States David Vance May 28, 2012 Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Instructor Verhaegh Argosy University Factors In Favor of and Against Legalizing Gay Marriage in the United States Proposal/ Issue: Gay marriage should be legalized in the United States. Six Reasons For: Weakest to Strongest 1. Other countries (Denmark, Canada etc.) have legalized gay marriage . (Bidstrup. College. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 1250 Words | 4 Pages. Natalie Performance Schedule. ?Caleb Madison ENG 101 10/3/13 Argumentative Essay From fire to light bulbs, and essay format pagers to smart-phones, humans have always . Natalie. sought progress. The average person can agree that most new things are for the better. If humans didn’t grow and progress then one could question whether or not we even have a purpose. One thing that humans have lacked the necessary progression in is the essay, place that homosexuals have in society. Same-sex marriage has recently begun to be legalized by several states. At this. Natalie. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 2058 Words | 6 Pages. issue of gay marriage is one of the controversies that leaves our society searching for reflective essay, the answers. Traditionally . Natalie Performance. marriage is the union of a man and a woman.
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary definition of dissertation, marriage reads to join as a husband and wife according to law and custom; to natalie, take as husband or wife; to enter into a close union (452). Dictionaries are not a biased publication and serve as a guide to what words mean. The words husband and wife show that marriage is bind dissertation a close. Bill Clinton , Common-law marriage , Defense of dessay schedule, Marriage Act 1788 Words | 5 Pages. Issues: Gay Marriage In America Jared English Professor April 29th 2011 Diversity Issues 2 Diversity Issues: . Good Reflective Essay Introduction. Gay Marriage In America The director and founder of the Marriage -Equality organization Freedom to Marry, Evan Wolfson, says that when the term “ gay marriage ” is used it suggests that homosexuals are asking for special privileges or are expecting to get them. However, I could not disagree with that statement more. Marriage is dessay performance marriage , when you call it a “ gay marriage ” it takes.
Bisexuality , Civil union , Evan Wolfson 949 Words | 4 Pages. March 2012 Gay Marriage : Societal Suicide The gay community has been fighting for the right to marry for london, quite . some time now and over the years I have heard a variety of dessay schedule, different opinions on persuasive essay format, the issue. In the passage “ Gay “ Marriage ”: Societal Suicide”, written by Charles Colson he argues against gay marriages . Colson states in the passage that allowing same sex marriages is like committing social suicide and gives many points to back up his claim. Colson feels that if society accepts gays getting. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1248 Words | 3 Pages. this place up. Yes, the Bible exemplifies marriage as a union between a man and a woman, but the Bible was written thousands of years ago, this . is the natalie dessay performance, future, and paragraph format things are different. And since when did the Bible come to overrule the Constitution when it comes to Law? Everyone in Washington is constantly having the debate over the “definition of marriage ”. Do we really need a definition?
The only performance word that should come to mind when talking about marriage is love. If two people love each other why. Civil union , Homosexuality , Human rights 1029 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction. Microsoft | Legalization of Gay Marriage | Argumentative Essay | | Demontez Lander | . 3/29/2013 | | Lander 1 Should Gay marriage be legalized? This topic, which is an issue of human rights and equality for those of all races, genders, religion and sexual orientation has recently become a hot media topic with everyone from celebrities to natalie dessay performance, peers showing their support or opposition of the subject. With this issue recently moving into the major debate on capitol hill many. Bind Your Dissertation. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , Human rights 710 Words | 3 Pages. Gay Marriage : It’s all in the Wording In the United States, gay marriage has been a subject that . most politicians in the limelight try to avoid due to its controversial stigma. Many Americans would argue that every individual has the freedom and right to dessay schedule, marry; that same-sex marriages would be beneficial to the economic growth and persuasive essay development of natalie, our nation. Going beyond the good essay, religious argument, same-sex marriage is not a civil right, nor should the privileges be denied to a specific group of individuals.
Civil union , Homosexuality , Marriage 1392 Words | 4 Pages. ? Gay marriage has a major impact on today’s society, in regards to the legalization of it and dessay schedule how it affects the representation . of the essay, nuclear family. In this essay , I will interpret same-sex marriage from natalie, a conflict perspective. The first social science article titled, “Same-sex parenting and children’s outcomes: A closer examination of the American Psychological Association’s brief on lesbian and good reflective gay parenting” by performance schedule, Loren Marks, talks about how children of lesbian or gay parents are not disadvantaged. Family , Gay , Homosexuality 1303 Words | 5 Pages. married too? Same sex marriage has been illegal in many states for memory essay, awhile now. Very few states have legalized it. Many many people believe it . is not right. Natalie Performance. Then you have the essay introduction, other people that believe gender should not matter.
You love who you love. Ethos: I'm a student here at Laingsburg just like all of you. Dessay Performance. I have a few friends who this law would apply to down the dissertation legislation, road. They walk down the natalie dessay performance schedule, same hallway as me. They eat in the same lunch room as me. But why when it comes to marriage why do they have. Gender , Homosexuality , Human 941 Words | 3 Pages. best is for the children? Around the United States gay adoption has been severely put down, but not many states have an actual law stated in . Essay. their constitution against it. The more the conservative the state is, the higher chance of natalie dessay schedule, them having a law against gay adoption. Though not many states have a law against gay adoption, it is still hard for gays to essay paragraph, adopt. Nebraska, Florida, Michigan, Oklahoma, Mississippi, and Utah all contain a ban against gay adoption.
The United States does not include any. Adoption , Family , Foster care 926 Words | 3 Pages. Natalie Dessay Schedule. society if they are for gay marriage then the support of research source cards for websites, gay equality comes to a stop and majority of Americans . Dessay Performance Schedule. vote for the Constitutional Amendment, which bans gay marriage . Americans do believe in persuasive, providing equal rights to the gay community, which include no toleration of discrimination in natalie schedule, jobs, rights protecting gays from 2014, indecent actions, rights allowing same access to housing, rights allowing advancement in government, and so on and so forth. However, the concept of gay marriage is still not considered. Natalie Dessay Performance. Bisexuality , Gay , Homosexuality 745 Words | 2 Pages. Argumentative Essay on Gay marriage. Dissertation Business Legislation. “ Gay People can’t do this.
Women shouldn’t be able to that. But touch my semiautomatic rifle and you’re attacking my rights.”- Remi Kanazi Why . Natalie Performance. should someones rights to marry be based on a person religious beliefs or their own opinion on family values. Gay Marriage : If they like they should be able to put a ring on it. Same sex couples should be allowed to business, publicly celebrate their relationship in the same way as heterosexual couples. The Human Rights Campaign Foundation states that many same sex. Civil union , Family , Homosexuality 679 Words | 2 Pages. ? Gay Rights Gay Marriage : How have the Advancements in Gay Rights paved a way for dessay performance schedule, . Gay Marriage ? Oscar Rhodes Post University Professor Meghan Tarby PSS211: Sociology of Family The Gays Rights Movement has existed for over 89 years in counting since the development of the Society for Human Rights in Chicago. During the early years of the Gay Rights movement (1924-1973) it was very difficult to identify as a member of the same sex loving community because during this time it. Gay , Gay community , Heterosexism 1757 Words | 5 Pages.
Theory Essay relating gay marriage. ?Society’s View Towards Gay Marriage In society today, gay and persuasive paragraph format lesbian couples are looked at in a different light . than what is ordinary. The standard couple in natalie dessay schedule, society is believed to be man and woman. In other cases, people fall in love or are attracted the same sex. This is seen as deviant behavior because of the fact that it is not the legislation, custom couple. “If two openly gay men walk down the street holding hands and show general signs of affection… they will likely receive remonstrative stares, be. Natalie Dessay. Bisexuality , Criminology , Homosexuality 1462 Words | 6 Pages.
Established with Adam and good introduction Eve, still surviving, marriage is the oldest institution known. Often the climax of natalie dessay performance, most romantic movies and stories, . whether it may be ‘Pride and essay Prejudice’ or ‘Dil Wale Dulhaniya Ley Jaein Gey’, marriage has a universal appeal. It continues to be the most intimate social network, providing the strongest and most frequent opportunity for social and emotional support. Though, over the years, marriage appears to be tarnished with high divorce rates, discontentment and infidelity. Dessay. Alimony , Divorce , Happiness 1620 Words | 5 Pages. Argument Analysis on Gay Marriage. Analysis on Gay Marriage There are many controversies surrounding today's world, such as abortion, animal testing, and social . reform issues. It seems that no one can come to a common agreement on unforgettable memory, the legitimacy of dessay performance, these topics. Bind. Personal characteristics, such as upbringing, culture, religion and ethnicity, all play a role in determining one's feelings on a given controversial issue. However, one of the most protested and natalie performance schedule discussed issues in persuasive paragraph, current political debate is same-sex marriage . There is no.
Bisexuality , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1492 Words | 4 Pages. Natalie Performance. Danielle Wright Gay Marriage Essay. Danielle Wright Nancy Cassano English 1301- 3C2 November 25, 2014 Gay Marriage Gay marriage . should be legal in every state and unforgettable memory essay not half of the natalie dessay performance schedule, United States because everyone should be entitled to 2014, their own right to be happy. Dessay Performance. Our unalienable rights are life, liberty and pursuit of happiness, which means to be happy. College Essay Scholarships 2014. The unalienable rights are rights are rights that we are given and cannot be taken away from natalie performance, us. It is up to the individual to bind dissertation, give up their rights.
It was a never ending fight. Bisexuality , Heterosexism , Homosexuality 1225 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay- Gay Marriage Rights. Marriage has always been a hot topic from interracial marriage to the current day controversy of homosexual . marriage . Marriage has traditionally been defined as a union between a man and woman, but today this is not true. In recent weeks, homosexual marriage has been a contentious topic, with a Supreme Court case and many Americans rallying around this cause. Conservatives believe that homosexual marriage should be banned but currently nine states have legalized homosexual marriage . The conformist. Brad Pitt , Civil union , Homosexuality 862 Words | 3 Pages. What is Gay Marriage ? If you don't know then I'll tell you right now, it is a legally or socially recognized . marriage between two people of the same biological sex. Natalie Dessay Performance Schedule. The issue of gay , or same-sex, marriage has become one of the essay, most opposing public policy matters in American politics. Dessay. Gay rights advocates see it as one of the gay movement's main goals and memory essay argue that gay Americans have a right as citizens to express love and commitment through marriage , as well as a right to dessay schedule, its many legal benefits.
Civil union , Heterosexism , Homosexuality 902 Words | 3 Pages. ? Gay Marriage Siena Heights University Ibrahim Elkadri LAS 300 Professor Angela Pinkett . Gay marriage Making gay marriage legal or illegal continues to be the hot topic that most people talk about. It is currently one of the most divisive political issues in our nation. Introduction. We all have strong opinions regarding this issue and I personally have not found anyone that doesn’t. The history of gay marriage is rich. Evidence exists that same-sex marriages were tolerated in parts.
Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1181 Words | 6 Pages. Gay Marriage In The News In the United States, there is social unrest regarding the government's denial of the right to marry . for homosexuals. Performance. Plenty of conservatives are completely against gay marriage ; and many of memory essay, liberals are fighting for equal treatment. Natalie Dessay. The neo-Christian politicians are using religious arguments to establish that homosexuality is an abomination. While this may be their belief system, this country was founded on religious freedom, where the people are allowed to worship.
Bisexuality , Civil union , Homosexuality 1574 Words | 5 Pages. ?1.Introduction Gay marriage , in other words, same-sex marriage is defined as “the legally recognized union . between partners of the persuasive format, same sex” (Oxford Dictionary Online). During the early period, people have been prejudiced against gay and lesbian marriage . It’s understandable since any big change in dessay performance, public policy must be justified and its risks carefully evaluated from their point of legislation, view. A number of questions have been made: “Do gays and lesbians make good parents as good as straight parents?”. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , Lesbian 1063 Words | 3 Pages. Dessay. Gay Marriage There are millions of people in the United States, some tall, some short, some rich and some poor. No doubt, . there is not one person that is the same as another. So, why is it that we can find room to accept some differences, but not others? Gays and lesbians may not fit the dissertation, traditional ways of the natalie, United States, and research paper although gays are becoming accepted much more than previously, we are still denying them the right of marriage . The dictionary definition of marriage reads, The state. Civil union , Family , Gay 1300 Words | 4 Pages.
Gay Marriage In today’s world, gay marriage is a huge issue amongst society. Many . Natalie Dessay Performance. people are either in dissertation business legislation, favor of natalie schedule, it or they are not in research for websites, favor of performance, it. For example, “A Right to college essay scholarships 2014, Marry”, is an article written by dessay, Martha Nussbaum that expresses her opinion of gay marriage , which includes her thought of college, what the gay marriage debate is about, as well as her objection to schedule, it. Nussbaum believes the debate of gay marriage is not built on the religious aspect, civil rights aspect, or the relationship. Alimony , Homosexuality , Love 1031 Words | 3 Pages. The Endless Controversy Over Gay Marriage Gay marriage has . been the persuasive essay format, cause of intense debate in the United States for years. Sexual activity within the same gender was something that was considered normal in natalie dessay, Greek and Roman times but in today’s society, there is a great amount of controversy concerning sexual activity between homosexuals and same-sex marriage . A couple of scholarships 2014, reasons why gay marriage has become so controversial is dessay performance because of religion, the issue of. Civil union , Homosexuality , Law 1477 Words | 4 Pages. Gay Marriage Introduction At the unforgettable memory essay, outset, Marriage is an natalie performance schedule institution which is composed of complex personal values, . legal bindings, and religious customs among other properties (Allen, n.d., p. 949). These properties help in regulating human relation for the marriage lifespan (Allen, n.d., p. 950).
Marriage was intended to be an institution which is persuasive paragraph composed of only a man and a woman. It was treated to dessay performance, be important for success and unforgettable memory essay survival for individuals. However, for the past few years, there has. Civil union , Homosexuality , Lesbian 808 Words | 3 Pages. ? Gay Marriage Gay marriage is one of the natalie dessay schedule, most controversial issues in the modern world. For the . Reflective. past thousand years, marriage has been recognized as the social union between a man and a woman. In most cultures across the globe, homosexuality was viewed with disdain, and marriages between same-sex couples were forbidden. However, homosexual relationships are slowly gaining acceptance, as homosexuals have become vocal in fighting their right to marry in the early 90’s. With an increased in tolerance. Civil union , Defense of Marriage Act , Homosexuality 1545 Words | 4 Pages. Dessay Performance. Gay marriage has been the topic of discussion in reflective, recent years.
It has been broadcast on schedule, news stations and reflective essay introduction printed in magazines . all across America. Each publication has displayed a different point of view. Although marriage is a fundamental right under the constitution, same sex couples don't have the ability to marry. Marriage is a private union not a political subject. In my opinion, any two people who love each other should be able to get married. Dessay Performance. Conflict theory helps to explain this problem the. Unforgettable. Bisexuality , Civil union , Heterosexism 1032 Words | 3 Pages. Moeneya McCall Gay Marriage The thoughts on gay marriage , comes to many individuals . mind. Should it or should it not be legal? Is the government going to let gay marriage be legal, is dessay schedule also a concern for reflective essay, others. There are billions of people wanting to legalize gay marriage . Rather others do not think gay marriage should be allowed at all.
Gay marriage to me is the same as any other marriage . Natalie Dessay Performance. Is gay marriage worth fighting for? Several people wish they can just experience their. Reflective Introduction. Bisexuality , Civil union , Domestic partnership 789 Words | 3 Pages. Equal Marriage Rights for schedule, All Sociology Equal Marriage Rights for All Imagine finally meeting the person you can spend . the rest of your life with. They are perfect in every way, even in their faults.
You love that person more than yourself and they feel the same. You are not, however, legally allowed to marry that person-- and for no reason beyond people who are different from you not accepting your identity, because you have the college essay, misfortune of being born gay . Our country has taken. Natalie Dessay. Civil union , Defense of Marriage Act , Homosexuality 1486 Words | 5 Pages. Gay Marriages In today’s society, Americans have to face the fact that the decrease of marriages raises a . serious social problem throughout the country. Legal battles have repeatedly shown that the strength to prohibit or ratify gay marriage is decided by each states governing body. So why does the United States of research source, America not have a federal law against gay marriages ? David Frum, a conservative, debated on the topic of gay marriages . Frum has many good points of why gay marriages should. Homosexuality , LGBT , Love 901 Words | 3 Pages. What is the big deal over performance the same sex marriages ? This has always been a controversial issue. Essay 2014. There are two issues that come to mind. First, . there is the dessay performance schedule, religious point of view. Many religious leaders oppose homosexuality or specifically same sex marriages , they feel that God made men and women to produce and take care of children and dissertation business legislation that is how it should be.
They also feel that God created Adam and Eve because that’s how God wants us to finish the cycle. Second, there is the natalie performance schedule, issue of being the. Bisexuality , Gay , Homosexuality 2509 Words | 6 Pages. By: Valerie Tickles Soc 215 . Business Ethics December 4, 2008 Gay and Lesbians Marriages What is “ Gay ”? Some would say that it means being happy, joyful, merry, lively, and full of sprit. But the topic that I speak of refers to research cards, a person’s sexuality, having a sexual attraction to dessay, persons of the same sex. Is this ethical? As a nation.
Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 1430 Words | 5 Pages.
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Frequently Asked Questions About Resumes: The Complete Job-Search Resume FAQ. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., and Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. This article seeks to be the complete compendium on the questions that job-seekers most often asked about resumes. In creating this Resume FAQ, we have created seven sections with a total of 55 of the most frequently asked questions about job-search resumes. Here’s how this Resume FAQ is divided for navigation ease: What is the purpose of a resume? What are the absolute, unbreakable rules of resume writing? What about dessay “breakable rules” of business legislation, resume writing? Do I need more than one version of my resume? If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started? What are the most important aspects of a resume, and how can I remember them?
What should be included on a resume? There’s nothing tricky about listing my name, is there? What if my name is hard to pronounce or it fails to dessay clarify my gender? How should I list my address? What other contact information do I need? III. Elements to Sharpen a Resume’s Focus.
Why does a resume need to be sharply focused? How can you sharpen the focus of your resume? Should I include my career objective on my resume? What is a branding statement, and essay how is it used in natalie dessay, combination with a headline? What about a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Strengths section? What are keywords and how should I use them in my resume? What is the Resume Ingredients Rule? What kinds of Licenses or Certifications should I list? IV. Handling Education and Experience on Resumes. What goes first — education or experience?
What should I always list under the Education section? What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college? Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?” Should the college essay 2014, Experience section be further broken down into subsections? How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? Should I list company names first or job titles first? How should I list what I did in each job? How do I handle multiple jobs with the same employer? How far back should I go in my job history to avoid age discrimination?
What if a former employer no longer exists or has changed its name? What are transferable skills, and natalie performance schedule what is their significance on essay, a resume? How do I handle employment gaps? How can I avoid appearing to dessay performance schedule be a job-hopper? What if I have no paid experience? Which transferable skills are most in demand by employers? Why and bind your dissertation how should accomplishments and achievements be incorporated in natalie performance schedule, the Experience section? What are Situation - Action - Results statements? What is the significance of quantifying on a resume?
What is parallelism, and what is its significance on a resume? V. Research Paper. Other Resume Sections and Fine-Tuning Resume. What other sections could my resume include? Should I list Hobbies and Interests? Should I list References on my resume? How should I handle references? Should I use the line: “References available upon performance Request?” VI. College Essay Scholarships. Handling Special Resume Situations.
How can I position myself for a career or industry change? How do I handle relocation? As an entrepreneur transitioning back to the workplace, how can I make the most of my resume? How can I ensure my resume will be kept confidential? How many pages should my resume be?
What are the most important design elements for natalie dessay performance schedule a resume? What kind of paper should I use? How should I duplicate my resume? How should I mail my resume? How can I make sure I’ve covered all the memory, bases with my resume? Should I hire a professional resume writer? To get a job interview.
To structure the interview process. To remind the dessay schedule, interviewer of you after you’re gone. Essay. To serve as the basis for justifying the hiring decision to others. What are the absolute, unbreakable rules of resume writing? We believe there are only two absolute rules in dessay performance schedule, resume writing:
These rules, however, are absolutes: Almost every rule you have ever heard can be broken if you have a compelling reason. What about “breakable rules” of college, resume writing? Many of the natalie dessay schedule, breakable rules of bind dissertation london, resume relate to the length a resume should be; all breakable rules are covered in other parts of this FAQ. Do I need more than one version of my resume? Most likely, yes. You may need more than one organizational format for your resume. See table below for the most common organizational formats.
We include functional and chrono-functional formats because they can be used in extreme situations, but we recommend chronological resumes for most job-seekers. Natalie Dessay Performance. Purely functional resumes are the business legislation, least common, least preferred by employers, detested by recruiters… and natalie performance most Internet job boards do not accept this resume format. While the bind your dissertation london, chrono-functional/hybrid/combination resume is natalie dessay schedule, slightly more acceptable to employers than the research paper source, purely functional format, most employers are unaccustomed to functional formats of any kind, finding them confusing, annoying, and a red flag that something is wrong in your background. Dessay Schedule. At the persuasive essay, very least, they will probably scrutinize a chrono-functional resume more closely to check for details and find the flaws that inspired the candidate to use this format. Some employers insist on knowing exactly what you did in each job. Recruiters/headhunters particularly disdain functional formats, so this approach should never be used if you are primarily targeting recruiters with your job search. Employers in conservative fields are not fans of functional formats, nor are international employers. Functional formats, even chrono-functional, also are not acceptable on many online job boards.
In summary, the chrono-functional resume has very limited uses for extreme cases of problematic or unusual job histories. If you feel you have no other choice than a chrono-functional resume, we recommend you enlist a professional resume writer to craft the dessay, resume into a viable marketing tool. You may need more than one delivery format for your resume. See table below for the most common delivery formats. One additional delivery format to consider is a Portable Document Format (PDF) resume, which offers the advantages of being completely invulnerable to persuasive paragraph format viruses and natalie performance schedule totally compatible across computer systems (requires software such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free download, to be opened and read). A resume converted to PDF, which carries a .pdf file extension, looks virtually identical to the original document from which it was created, thus preserving the essay format, resume’s visual appeal, and dessay it also appears consistently from computer to computer. A few employers specifically request PDF resume files. Legislation. However, for resumes placed in employers’ Applicant Tracking Systems (which comprises most resumes submitted electronically) PDFs are problematic because “applicant tracking systems lack a standard way to dessay schedule structure PDF documents,” cautions Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on 2014, CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). Read our article, Pros and Cons of PDF Resumes in Job-Search. For more about delivery methods, see our articles: If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started?
Here are some suggestions for resources to get you started: Try the schedule, Inexpensive Resume Workbooks from the essay 2014, late Yana Parker. A resume wizard or template in Microsoft Word can be a useful starting point because it will prompt you to fill in appropriate information. Once you’ve used a Word template to dessay performance schedule start your resume, it’s best to customize the layout and design. We have some issues with the way information is organized in these templates. Worse, so many job-seekers use these Word templates that they don’t stand out. Use our Fundamentals of a Good Chronological Resume as a basic template. Dissertation. Get inspiration from natalie performance our collection of more than 100 Free Sample Professional Resumes.
If you’re really stuck, consider hiring a professional resume writer. What are the most important aspects of a resume, and good reflective how can I remember them? The most important things to remember about writing an natalie dessay performance schedule effective resume can be encapsulated in a six-letter acronym, FAKTSA, in which the letters stand for: What should be included on a resume? We offer lists of the college essay, items that you absolutely must include in your resume and a list of optional items to natalie dessay performance consider including: Objective Statement (currently out of fashion; please click the preceding link to see what replaces the dissertation, objectives statement) Headline and/or Branding Statement (often used instead of an Objective Statement); see more about dessay performance schedule career branding in our Career Branding Tutorial Professional Profile or Qualifications Summary (use this Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet) Keyword Summary Licenses/Certifications Accomplishments/Achievements Transferable Skills Strengths Affiliations/Memberships Languages Foreign travel Presentations Publications Activities Hobbies/Interests Military The notation, “References available on request” We also offer this list of items that should never be included on a resume: Height, weight, age, date of cards, birth, place of birth, marital status, sex, race, health, social security number (except on natalie dessay performance, an International Resume/CV) Reasons for leaving previous job(s) Name of unforgettable, boss or supervisor Street addresses and phone numbers of past employers (city and state is sufficient) Picture of yourself Salary information Specific names of natalie dessay performance schedule, references (more on this issue later) The title “Resume” Religion, church affiliations, political or other controversial affiliations: Any disclosure on research source cards, your resume that could get you screened out as a candidate is risky.
You may take the stance that you don’t want to work for an employer that would eliminate you because a hiring manager didn’t like your political beliefs or religious affiliation. But given that, for natalie performance schedule most candidates, religion, politics, and any other controversial affiliations are not relevant to your next job, it’s wise to leave them out. There’s nothing tricky about listing my name, is there? Use the research cards for websites, name by which you are known professionally. Natalie Performance Schedule. If you go by your middle name, for research for websites example, you can list your name one of these ways: The same goes for nicknames. Keep in mind that some nicknames don’t exactly project professionalism, but if you are universally known by your nickname, you may want to list yourself that way on your resume.
With your name, list also any professional credentials (M.D., CPA, Ph.D.) that are integral to performance schedule the job you seek. What if my name is hard to pronounce or it fails to clarify my gender? This issue isn’t as silly as it seems. Even if you’re well qualified, an employer may hesitate to phone you for an interview if he or she can’t pronounce your name or even doesn’t know whether to expect a male or female. For the difficult-to-pronounce name, include a phonetic pronunciation of persuasive essay format, your name in small type in natalie dessay performance, the “letterhead” portion of your resume. Example: “Sally Hsieh (pronounced ‘Shay’).” For a unisex name, such as Lee or Dale, consider adding a courtesy title to paragraph your letterhead, as in natalie schedule, “Ms. Lee Anderson” or “Mr. Bind Your London. Dale Burns.” Especially consider adding a courtesy title if your name is almost always thought of as belonging to the opposite gender or if it is a non-English name, and natalie dessay performance English-speakers would not know whether to source cards expect a man or a woman: “Ms. Michael Crane” “Mr. Jocelyn Smith.” You could also include a middle name that reveals your gender: “Lee Ann Anderson” or “Dale Robert Burns.” Of course, you may consider your ambiguously gendered name an natalie performance schedule advantage and prefer not to reveal your gender (even though your gender will become obvious if you’re called for an interview). List your permanent address Most college students give both a college address and permanent address.
*What other contact information do I need? While job-seekers were once advised to include as much contact information as possible, the paper source, emerging trend for contact information on a resume is to include a Website address/URL, city and state only (no street address), a single phone number (no second/third number, no fax number), and natalie dessay a single email address, says Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the research paper, Next in performance schedule, Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. Make sure your email address is professional. You may also want to include links to online profiles, such as on dissertation business legislation, Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. If you do, however, ensure that your profiles are squeaky clean, with no content or photos that shed a negative light on you. If you are in dessay performance schedule, serious job-hunting mode and employers who call your phone are likely to bind your london get voicemail, make sure your voicemail greeting is dessay, professional.
III. Elements to Sharpen a Resume’s Focus. Why does a resume need to be sharply focused? The reader needs to be able to tell in a quick glance what you want to your do and what you would be good at. A recent study indicates that the reader will spend as few as 6 seconds screening your resume, so you need to focus the reader’s attention quickly. How can you sharpen the natalie performance, focus of your resume? Use a branding statement or headline or both atop your resume. Good Introduction. Add a profile/qualifications summary with keywords relevant to the job you seek.
Add a keyword section relevant to the job you seek. See our Resume Keywords Worksheet. Beef up portrayal of accomplishments and transferable skills. Be sure to spotlight skills that apply to what you want to natalie performance schedule do next. Good Introduction. See our Accomplishments Worksheet and Transferable Skills Worksheet. Cover Letter and Resume Customization Worksheet to help you sharpen your focus.
For college students and new grads: Consider adding class projects in your major (or other classes) that are applicable to what you want to do upon graduation. See our College Experience Worksheet for Resume Development. Should I include my career objective on my resume? Objective Statements have fallen out of favor. Many employers and recruiters claim they don’t even read them.
That’s because most objective statements are badly written, self-serving, too vague, and not designed to dessay performance schedule do what they’re supposed to do, which is to sharpen a resume’s focus. What is a branding statement, and how is it used in essay, combination with a headline? A “headline” atop your resume usually identifies the position or type of job you seek. A branding statement is a punchy “ad-like” statement that tells immediately what you can bring to an employer. A branding statement defines who you are, your promise of natalie dessay schedule, value, and why you should be sought out. Your branding statement should encapsulate your reputation, showcase what sets you apart from others, and dissertation describe the added value you bring to a situation. Think of it as a sales pitch. Integrate these elements into the brief synopsis that is your branding statement:
What makes you different? What qualities or characteristics make you distinctive? What have you accomplished? What is your most noteworthy personal trait? What benefits (problems solved) do you offer? See a good discussion of branding statements and performance headlines, with samples, starting in this section of our free e-book, The Quintessential Guide to Words to Get Hired By . What about a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Resume Strengths section? Whether or not you choose to include an objective statement, branding statement, and/or headline on reflective essay introduction, your resume, you may wish to present a Qualifications Summary or Profile section. In addition to Profile and performance schedule Qualifications Summary, these resume-topping sections go by numerous names: Career Summary, Summary, Executive Summary, Professional Profile, Qualifications, Strengths, Skills, Key Skills, Skills Summary, Summary of Qualifications, Background Summary, Professional Summary, Highlights of Qualifications.
All of these headings are acceptable, but our favorite is Professional Profile. Twenty-five years ago, a Profile or Summary section was somewhat unusual on dissertation business, a resume. Dessay Performance Schedule. Career experts trace the use of bind dissertation, summaries or profiles to include information about candidates’ qualities beyond their credentials to the publication of the late Yana Parker’s The Damn Good Resume Guide in 1983. For the last 20-plus years, resume writers have routinely included these sections; however, the age of performance schedule, electronic submissions has now caused the pendulum to swing the reflective, other way. On one hand, electronic submission means that hiring decision-makers are inundated and overwhelmed with resumes and have less time than ever before to peruse each document. Dessay Performance Schedule. That means that many of them do not read Profile or Summary sections.
On the other hand, the age of electronic submissions has increased the importance of college scholarships, keywords so that candidates can be found in database searches. Even some of the natalie dessay performance, hiring decision-makers who don’t read Profiles and Summaries advise including them as a way to ensure sufficient keywords in the resume. A vocal contingent of decision-makers, especially among recruiters, strongly advocate for a Summary section — but one that is your dissertation london, quite succinct — a short paragraph or single bullet point. They want to see in a nutshell who you are and what you can contribute. Use our Resume Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet to help you develop bullet points for this very important resume section. What are keywords and dessay schedule how should I use them in my resume?
Inundated by resumes from job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on digitizing resumes, placing those resumes in research paper for websites, keyword-searchable databases, and natalie schedule using software to persuasive paragraph format search those databases for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies. Natalie Performance Schedule. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. Memory. In addition, many employers search the databases of third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on the Internet. It is safe to estimate that well over 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords. The bottom line is that if you apply for performance schedule a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and your resume doesn’t have the keywords the company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in the water. To some extent, job-seekers have no way of knowing what the paragraph, words are that employers are looking for when they search resume databases. But job-seekers have information and natalie schedule a number of tools at their disposal that can help them make educated guesses as to which keywords the employer is looking for. Essay Format. See a detailed discussion of resume keywords and how to identify them in dessay, our article, Tapping the bind your london, Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and natalie dessay performance use our Keywords Worksheet to help identify keywords for use in good reflective essay introduction, your resume. What is the Resume Ingredients Rule? Note: From author Donald Asher.
Organize the information on natalie dessay schedule, your resume in accordance with your desired impact on the reader. This rule should govern which information you present and the order in which you present it. That’s why you always list your work experience in unforgettable memory essay, REVERSE chronological order — because your most important and applicable jobs are likely to be the most recent. You don’t want the first thing that the employer sees to be bagboy at natalie dessay schedule, the supermarket or waitress if you’ve had more important and relevant jobs. What kinds of Licenses or Certifications should I list? Any that are relevant to the job you seek. IV. Your Dissertation. Handling Education and Experience on Resumes. What goes first — education or experience?
It depends on whether your degree or your experience is your best selling point. Always list the dessay schedule, most relevant section first… If you are a current college student or about to graduate, generally list education first. Bind London. If you are currently working, generally list experience first. A good cutoff point for natalie performance schedule moving your Experience section to persuasive essay the forefront of your resume is a year to 18 months after graduation. What should I always list under the performance schedule, Education section? If you have multiple degrees, list the most recent first. Unforgettable. For each degree, ALWAYS list NAME of natalie dessay, your degree FIRST. Include your college name, city, and state Include major(s) and usually minor(s) Include graduation date (or expected graduation): Month/Year. Once you’ve been out of school a year or so, you can omit the dissertation london, month. Consider omitting the graduation date altogether if you are a mature job-seeker de-emphasizing your age. Special note to college students and new graduates: At this point in the FAQ, you may wish to dessay performance schedule take a side trip to our special Frequently Asked Resume Questions for College Students and New Graduates.
What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college? If you have at unforgettable, least some college, list it. Dessay. List an associate’s degree or incomplete studies toward a bachelor’s degree. For the incomplete degree, list the college, major, location, span of unforgettable memory essay, dates you attended, and, ideally, number of natalie performance schedule, credit-hours completed. Source Cards. Your listing of an associate’s degree, incomplete bachelor’s degree, or no college at all should be beefed up with any training, professional-development, and performance schedule certificate programs. Essay Scholarships 2014. In the unlikely event that you have absolutely none of these, leave off the Education section. Some employers (and most recruiters) will screen you out, but if you have succeeded in the past without educational credentials, your professional accomplishments will likely be enough to natalie schedule propel you to an interview. Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?” Experience, because that heading enables you to good essay introduction list activities other than paid employment, such as volunteer work, internships, sports-team participation, and natalie schedule class projects. Should the Experience section be further broken down into subsections? While a resume can sometimes include subsections, such as Relevant (or Professional) Experience and Other Experience, we find it confusing when resumes, especially those of bind london, college students, list multiple types of experience — internship experience, volunteer experience, extracurricular experience, leadership experience, etc.
How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? List information in this order: Job title; Job subheadings should include name of company, city, and natalie performance schedule state (Do NOT include street addresses, names of supervisors, contact telephone numbers, or other extraneous data.); Dates of employment (include month or seasonal descriptor and reflective essay introduction year); Bulleted list of dessay performance schedule, key accomplishments (more to come on bind dissertation, this subject); Company description (optional; often sought by recruiters and employers of senior-level job-seekers). Natalie. Reporting relationships — title of person you reported to bind and titles and departments that reported to you (optional; often sought by recruiters and employers of senior-level job-seekers). Should I list company names first or job titles first? Generally, list job title first unless you are trying to natalie performance call attention to the name of prominent companies for unforgettable memory essay which you’ve worked. (Example: If you plan to enter the tourism industry, and dessay schedule you’ve had internships at Disney World, Sea World, and essay Universal Studios, you could list company names first). Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over natalie dessay 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the essay, job you want. Dr.
Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. Schedule. He is persuasive essay paragraph format, also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Natalie Performance Schedule. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country.
Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and persuasive essay paragraph format associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for performance Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and your dissertation london blogs about storytelling in the job search at natalie performance schedule, A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and research A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into natalie dessay performance the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by bind your london e-mail at email@example.com. Check out Dr.
Hansen on dessay, GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to business legislation go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and natalie dessay schedule scoops for job-seekers, compiled by unforgettable memory essay the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of natalie dessay, our previous blog posts.
Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and unforgettable employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to natalie dessay performance schedule the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of dissertation, a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and natalie dessay performance employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and college scholarships 2014 employment section of the natalie dessay schedule,  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.
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10 Pages, Degree 2:1 level. For the UK Government then, the faith in information and communication technologies transcends a mere acquiesence to nascent trends and dessay schedule, rests instead in an ideological vision for the new millennium. There is the sense that ICT will not only feature in good the future but that it will reflect and shape it. As Andrew L. Natalie? Shapiro (1999) suggests, one of the main outcomes of this will concern the ownership of knowledge and the ways that it can be both disseminated and research paper source, controlled. 11 pages, First Class. Natalie? The UK financial markets experienced various benefits through advances in risk management.
Such changes as well as changes in accounting and regulatory frameworks allowed, for example, pension funds and insurance companies to persuasive paragraph, reduce disparity between their assets and liabilities. The composition of portfolios shifted towards longer-dating assets while minimum funding requirements and accounting standards effected long-term bonds buying by dessay performance UK pension funds (www.bis.org, p. 102). 2,500 words, Degree 2:2 level. The use of Broadband around the world has faced a significant increase the last five years. Specifically for dissertation legislation the UK research (Reade, 2005) showed that in January 2001 the total number of broadband connections in the country reached only 0.8 percent of all internet connections in natalie performance the country whereas in your london May 2002 the figure increased to 5.7 percent and in May 2003 reached 16.4 percent. 10,000 words, Degree 2:1 level. Very recently, Wal-Mart has started using RFID to improve its business efficiency and natalie dessay performance, this has been given mixed reviews by industry analysts. Reflective Introduction? While some suggest that Wal-Mart would certainly benefit from dessay using RFID (Roberti, 2003), others think that this can not be as cost effective as Wal-Mart is hoping it would be (Buckler, 2005). Embedding the RFID. 5000 words, Degree 2:1 level.
Any international marketing exercise must take into account the specificity of the college essay scholarships indigenous sports culture; as Arrow manufactures only football boots, it is imperative that the dessay target geographical area be primarily a football-playing nation, or one that could conceivably be so in the future. Also any strategy must take into account the sponsorship of well-known players in college scholarships the area; many of the most high profile names in football. 5000 words, Degree 2:2 level. While many propose that parallel theories are best suited for successful change implementation, this case study involves the application of dessay schedule two theories on essay paragraph different levels despite different initial strategies. Careful adaptation of emerging issues led to performance schedule, re-adjustment and corrections in the overall process.
Change strategy may involve all levels of the company. 3000 words, Master's level. This report and analysis focuses on the strategic opportunities and directions available to Sainsbury?s after conducting a detailed analysis of its business strategies including governance and organisational structure and management decision-making processes. The financial reports of unforgettable memory Sainsbury?s and the report on the management process in general. 5,500 words, Degree 2:2 level. Corruption is a generic disease that has pervaded every aspect of society, so much so that even law enforcement agencies have not been spared. Corruption within the legal and judicial system especially those within the performance police and law enforcement departments has been a source for bind london concern for ordinary citizens and political administrators. Researchers on corruption and social analysts.
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However, despite its elevation into a symbolic event, the Holocaust researcher is presented with a paradoxical situation: that the reality, the actuality, shaped by the sheer numbers of the dead and the precision of the unforgettable essay killing, is every bit as horrific, and perhaps even more so, than the infernal myths that it has become inextricably linked. 3000 words, Degree 2:1 level. Dessay? For all businesses, success depends upon recruiting (and keeping) staff with the business right knowledge, skills and experience to natalie dessay performance, carry out their jobs well. In order to ensure equal opportunities and fair treatment for everyone, there are many pieces of legislation companies must follow. For example, it is against the law for a company to discriminate against a (potential or current) employee on the grounds of sexual orientation, race, religion, nationality, ethnic origin, pregnancy, disability. 1000 words, Degree 2:2 level. T-Mobile USA has been operating in the cell phone industry for more than four years and has a market share of less than 10%. The purpose of this report is to analyze some of the cards for websites reasons contributing to T-Mobile USA?s inability to attract and retain its customers, evaluate some of the strategies T-Mobile USA can adopt to increase its market share and provide a recommendation for the same. Cell phone industry has been undergoing significant changes in the last few years ? whether it is industry consolidation or emergence of new technologies.
2500 words, Degree 2:2 level. The purpose of natalie schedule this report is to identify two of the most common organizational structures and evaluate their advantages and disadvantages. From an dissertation legislation organizational behavior and management perspective, the biggest challenge for any organization is natalie dessay performance implementing and managing a change. It could either be a change in the existing business process or the reflective essay introduction introduction of a new technology. This report analyzes how a change is managed and implemented in the two organizational structures and provides a. Natalie Dessay? 2500 words, Degree 2:1 level. Observation is london a popular research tool that is used to study the behaviour of children; renowned theorists such as Vygotsky, Piaget, and many more child physiologists have used this tool for their research, allowing them to come up with significant insights, resulting in theories that continue to influence psychology and education today. Observation has been one of the best tools for research. Observation is natalie dessay very effective as a means to bind your, perform initial exploration of an area which can then be further studied using more focused. 3000 words, Degree 2:2 level.
In order to compare and contrast behaviourist learning theories with constructivist theories the natalie performance principles of classical conditioning (Pavlov, 1927), and operant conditioning (Skinner, 1975) will be outlined along with Piaget?s (1968) stage theory and Vygotsky?s (1986) social theory of developmental learning. These theories will be discussed in essay terms of their similarities and natalie dessay, their differences. Unforgettable Memory Essay? In order to examine the extent to which these theories influence early years practice, the goals and policies of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL) (2003) and the foundation. 3000 words, Master's level. Within the African-Caribbean socio-cultural perspective, the term ?silence? can be interpreted in performance schedule many ways. Dissertation? Silence can be used as a notion as opposed to speaking up or facing up to natalie performance, the truth of injustice, abuse, violence and slavery. These are just few of the concepts that seem to dissertation, have defined and shaped African and dessay performance schedule, Caribbean history, and silence is seen as describing the struggle. It has strong implications for society, from an ethical and social perspective (Bailey, 2005; Grant 2002). Henry (1998) has discussed ?speaking up?. 3000 words, Degree 2:2 level. The last of the four dimensions is good reflective essay introduction uncertainty avoidance.
High scores reflect ?low trust? cultures which tend to have a need to avoid failure, seek consensus, are fearful of conflict, create many rules and laws, and tend to dessay schedule, exhibit high stress and anxiety levels. People in these cultures are prone to displaying emotions in public and they are considered ?expressive societies?. ?Non-expressive societies? are the cultures that score low on the UA index. They are cultures that are willing to take more risks, believe that conflicts are fair play, have less laws and rules, accept dissent, and appear more relaxed and good reflective essay introduction, stress free. This relaxed nature is betrayed by the fact. 8 Pages, Degree 2:1 level.
Operations management focuses on the delicate management of natalie dessay schedule internal business processes to produce and distribute products and services. Many companies, especially those smaller in size typically don?t mention operations management, but they still carry out activities classified as ?operations management?. Dissertation Business? Some of these activities which are covered by operations management include product creation, development, production and distribution; although, operations management is in regard to all operations within a firm. Other operation management activities include managing purchases, inventory control, quality control, logistics. 2000 words, Degree 2:1 level. Natalie Performance? Global brand management involves ?determining communalities and differences in the business strategy, brand expression and marketing? (Van Gelder, 2003) and unforgettable memory essay, being able to natalie performance schedule, develop an international strategy that incorporates these. Nestl?s financial full year results for 2004 were positive. An increase in margin to an all time high of 12.6% of sales, based on a turnover boosted by 2.9% real internal growth and 4.5% organic growth, which although below company targets, is significantly above the industry average (Nestl?.com 2005).
This produced a net profit of CHF 6.1 billion, up by 8.1% on the previous. 12 Pages, Master's level.
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essay on papacy by Melissa Morris. (1) The topic of papal influence in the conversion of infidels is a necessary and important issue to consider when evaluating the dessay schedule role of persuasive paragraph format, Europeans in performance the colonization of the Americas. The idea to research and examine the Catholic popes of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and college essay scholarships 2014, fifteenth centuries originated in a class at Lehigh University. This class, The Literature of Justification , aimed to look at how Europeans justified the use of violent means in the conversion of infidels in performance schedule the New World. Bind Your Dissertation London? In order to better understand how these nations, such as Spain, Portugal, England, and dessay schedule, others rationalized violent tactics and the denial of infidel rights, it is mandatory that the role of the Roman Catholic Church is introduced. (2) The discovery of the New World did not arise simply with the landing of bind your dissertation london, Christopher Columbus; it began when European nations realized that a great deal of wealth and prospective Catholic believers could be discovered. The Catholic Church possessed a great deal of influence in the centuries leading to the exploration of the New World, and in the fifteenth century European nations looked to the pope to determine the right of performance schedule, colonization and conversion of foreign lands. Thus, before looking at nations such as Spain, England, or France, one must look at the role the Church played in granting or refusing acknowledgement of colonization to European nations. (3) Alexander VI, author of the papal bulls Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) , represents an example of the power and influence the pope possessed in good the fifteenth century as exploration of the New Word was truly exploding. The following research reflects the history of and building of the papal influence that Alexander VI possessed; the actual wording and effect of Alexander's third bull on Spanish colonization, Inter caetera (II) ; how his bulls become the justification Spain wanted and needed to make a presence in the New World; and the precedence Alexander VI created in dessay schedule the partitioning of foreign lands by popes. Importance of Papal Influence in the Conversion of Infidels.
(4) In order to understand how and why European nations felt that violent conversion tactics against infidels was acceptable, one must look toward the Catholic Church. It is imperative to understand the expectations placed upon religious and secular leaders and the conflicts that arose between nations. The Church did not gain instantaneous say in the colonization tactics of European nations but, rather, had to conduct propaganda campaigns and influence kings one at a time to scholarships 2014 build trust and a say in political matters. The Church desired a voice in foreign expeditions because it recognized that the resources of the new worlds could ultimately be profitable for Catholics worldwide. (6) When studying the discovery of the New Worlds by natalie schedule, Europeans in the twelfth through fifteenth centuries, few might consider the essay scholarships impact of the Roman Catholic Church. After the blessing of St.
Peter as the first pope in 33 A.D., the Roman Catholic Church propagated and invested in a conquest of conversion to help educate all individuals in the ways of the Lord. Schedule? The means of good essay, converting, colonizing, and conquering nonbelievers were manipulated depending upon the time period and influence of the pope over natalie dessay schedule, Christian kings. Papal influence is important because in their attempt to reign in all matters, religious and secular, popes and the Catholic Church created the standards and expectations by which European explorers were to memory treat New World infidels. While trying to expand, unify, and solidify the performance schedule boundaries of the Catholic Church, papal leaders, kings, and explorers lost sight of the need to gently convert nonbelievers. With the promises of paper source cards, treasures, spices, and trade before their eyes, these Christians came to regard New World Indians as deserving of violence, as an invisible entity, and as expendable in dessay performance schedule regard to the larger cause.
Increasing the population, magnifying spirituality, and securing monetary wealth were necessary measures for the survival of the Church as the savior of mortals. Alexander VI's bull Inter caetera is an example not only of the role the Catholic Church took in the fight for riches and land but also of the pope's power to disregard human beings as deserving of kindness, respect, and the right to freedom in a quest for necessary Church gain. Inter caetera : Opening up a Whole New World for Europeans. (7) One of the most influential popes, Alexander VI, created a set of three papal bulls in May of 1493, Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) . Unforgettable? Inter caetera II , the main text discussed here, fully demonstrates the dessay power of the source cards for websites papal throne and the influence it had amassed over European nations in the late fifteenth century. Written as the final say on Spanish colonization of the natalie performance schedule Americas, Alexander created Inter caetera II with favoritism directed toward the unforgettable Spanish crown, to help the Church expand its boundaries. To better understand the positioning of the Church within secular and natalie, religious discourses and the role of Inter caetera II (hereafter referred to persuasive as Inter caetera throughout this text), the natalie performance schedule background of the papal throne must first be discussed. (8) The Holy See was not initially respected as a representative voice for both secular and religious matters. Dissertation Legislation? Originally, the natalie schedule pope was viewed as a human representative of Christ's divinity and presence on research cards for websites, earth, with influence only over Christian Church issues. The amount of religious importance in early politics cannot be questioned, but until Christianity officially became the religion of Rome in 315 A.D., the influence the pope publicly possessed over Christian individuals was not substantial enough to influence the conquest of land. It was not until religious leaders and popes became situated in natalie dessay the Vatican in 315 that Christians were motivated to look to the Church for guidance before looking to your dissertation london their king in nonreligious matters.
By convincing believers that Christianity was more important, that secular matters necessitated holy action in all doing, the Church managed to swing the pendulum of natalie schedule, influence from good reflective armed kings to natalie dessay performance schedule pious leaders. Pope Leo IX, in 1054, contributed the most to centralizing the power and influence of the pope in the Christian's eye. Leo IX set the persuasive essay format tone and standards for future popes to seek the recognition and support of Christians by reinforcing the Catholic belief that without the dessay performance schedule approval of Christ's chosen son, kingdoms were unholy. In acting upon or under unholy laws and rules, a Christian defied God's teachings of goodness. (10) With this faith that popes held the same ultimate profit goals as did kings and kingdoms, Catholics unwittingly allowed the Church to create a cloak or shield for the brutal conversion of nonbelievers. It was necessary to present nonbelievers as less than human and not worthy of the essay paragraph format fair treatment most Europeans expected. The Church and performance, politicians preached that without faith a person was undeserving of equity. New World individuals were viewed as heathens and as sub-human, and the West's religion, civilization, and london, knowledge [were viewed as] superior to schedule the religions, civilizations, and knowledge of non-Western peoples. Bind Your London? This superiority as the redemptive source of the West's presumed mandate to impose its vision of truth on non-Western peoples was neither hidden nor denied (Williams 6).
Such a disavowal of the Native's right to freedom and personal belief helped to convince kings and commoners that heathen lands and the New World had to be tamed in dessay schedule order to obtain the riches and followers of God. (11) It is business this standard that helped Urban II, in 1088, to recruit Catholics to push the schedule boundaries of the Christian world further than had ever been attempted in history: Europeans, as Christians, had a duty to spread the word of the gospel and bind your dissertation london, a right to engage in trade and to cultivate unoccupied land without interference. Natalie? Conversely, the peoples of the New World had an obligation to receive the ambassadors of the unforgettable essay pope, the trade expeditions and the colonists, and any resistance or hostility to the European presence could be met with force of arms. (Dickason ix) The need for more prestige, power, and land became an addictive and performance schedule, recurring process for the Catholic Church, and bind your dissertation london, as more land was acquired and performance, foreign conquests met with success, more eyes turned favorably toward the Holy See. Initiated with Urban's reign in 1095 and continuing throughout history, treasures and land were motivators for college essay the conversion of nonbelievers. Natalie Dessay Performance Schedule? The spreading of paragraph, Catholicism was used as propaganda for recruiting crusaders and colonizers; religious motivation had never been the sole hallmark of medieval expansion […] The crusades, like the American frontier in the nineteenth century, were to dessay performance schedule be a safety valve, drawing off those who were too aggressive for peaceful life at home (Muldoon 5). Ultimately, the Crusades and the expansion of the Catholic empire were not truly movements to save heathen nonbelievers from eternal damnation but, rather, campaigns for bind dissertation profitable gains. (12) After the successes of the first Holy Crusade in 1095 were tallied and assessed, Christian kings and Catholics themselves had come to believe that a man who could bring such success and profit to Christianity could do no wrong. With the faith of kings and commoners thus sealed, The pope held unquestioned universal jurisdictional authority on earth over all the Church's subjects, real and potential. Performance? Resistance to that authority constituted resistance to God's law.
The papacy possessed the power not only to punish the deluded pagans but also to assume the rule over their territories, which rightly belonged to research cards Rome in the first place (Williams 41). Urban's ability, and that of the popes following him, to convince knights and kings to go to war, commoners to contribute funds to the Crusades, and expand the population and land wealth of the Catholic states granted the pope more power than ever historically allotted to the Holy See. That power fluctuated a bit throughout history, but the pope did not again experience significant loss of influence until the English Reformation in the early 16th century. (13) It is this desire to continue possessing absolute power that allows the Church to performance schedule condone the research paper source violence and brutal tactics used by dessay, colonists and conquerors on New World infidels. Paragraph? With the argument that the performance only way to achieve the ultimate end of world-wide Catholicism is to use any means necessary, Pope Gregory IX, in 1227, is research paper cards able to use tradition to his advantage. Europeans had come to believe that any individual with faith in God was stronger, more deserving of success, and possessed the right to show nonbelievers the right manner in which to live. In order to convince nonbelievers of this right, Catholic Europeans began to express the belief that any means necessary must be implemented when converting nonbelievers. In an explanation that mimics that of survival of the fittest, he explains the application of aggression and hostility toward others in the conquest of land as acceptable: Who does not know that kings and natalie dessay performance schedule, princes derive their origin from men ignorant of God who raised themselves above their fellow men by pride, plunder, treachery, murder—in short, by every kind of essay scholarships 2014, crime—at the instigation of the Devil, the prince of this world, men blind with greed and intolerable in their audacity (Williams 25). Pope Gregory effectively places the role of the Church and colonizer as that of a warrior against evil, or, more importantly, nonbelievers. It is this mindset that resonates throughout history. With the natalie performance refusal to change the traditions of conversion, the Catholic Church continued to abuse infidels and disregard the actual beginning words of Christ.
Treating others as one would have done unto themselves was thrown to the wind in an effort to obtain riches and treasures in the New World. Religious Texts and college 2014, Inter caetera. (14) With an understanding of how popes such as Alexander VI came to possess influence over kings, it is schedule necessary to persuasive essay paragraph format examine how that influence was conveyed through words. The bull Inter caetera is important because the nations of Spain and Portugal honored it. Natalie Dessay Schedule? The new lines of property drawn were observed because they were lines created by college essay, the Church. Just as the power and influence of the pope himself fluctuated throughout history, so did the power of written papal law. As popes fought to natalie dessay gain a foothold in the realm of politics, the written word became an effective means of communicating and persuading Christian kings worldwide to defer decisions to religion.
Innocent I even went so far as to claim that any actions occurring in Christian states must be communicated to him: […] all 'greater causes' [ causae maiores ] – a vague and business legislation, almost infinitely expansible expression – should be reserved to the apostolic see. 'Whatever is done in the provinces', he laid down, 'should not be taken as concluded until it has come to the knowledge of this see' (Barraclough 24). Letters with directions such as these were not taken lightly; religion and religious beliefs, at that time, influenced a believer's every move. If a man of God claimed that no action would be deemed holy without consent of the Church, fear of damnation and the eternal unknown forced believers to seek religious authority. (15) Pope Gregory VII, in 1076, used such power to natalie performance his advantage and was influential in the realm of research source for websites, public speech and propaganda. It was under Gregory's term that papal decree truly motivated or influenced Christian kings to take action in favor of or against the Church. Natalie Dessay Schedule? As the first pope who deliberately set out to cultivate new fields, outside and college essay scholarships 2014, beyond the control of the Roman Empire, and thus to lessen the performance dependence of the papacy on the imperial government, Gregory VII needed to ensure that his plans and wishes were able to reach a large audience (Barraclough 31). He was able to do so by having all religious leaders circulate his written plans and suggestions for increasing the size and population of the Catholic Church by converting infidels. Documents that could not be read were shared verbally, increasing Gregory VII's audience ten-fold. (16) In 1088 under Pope Urban II, following Gregory VII's example, written copies of his decrees and plans for Holy Crusades into infidel lands became available for kings and religious leaders. Such widespread publication of and promotion of a holy war helped to ensure that religious leaders across Europe were able to spread the word and essay, influence both the nobility and dessay performance, the common man. These written proclamations, also verbally communicated in 1095 in his speech at Clermont, secured persuasion orally, textually, and politically.
Religious texts, in the forms of letters, stories, and papal bulls, not only informed individuals of the positions of the Church but also advertised and stated laws to be obeyed in a holy light. Therefore, by the beginning of the eleventh century […] the papacy had laid up a considerable store of moral capital. Scholarships? The new nations [both Europeans and converts] looked to Rome for spiritual leadership (Barraclough 51). Popes and religious leaders, throughout the tenth and eleventh centuries, had set out and successfully exercised one of the most influential propaganda schemes in history. Not only had they convinced secular leaders that the pope was the source of all knowledge and approval, they had convinced believers to go to war to win land, riches, and performance, new believers for the Church: It set the pope, in place of the emperor, at the head of Europe, and assured the papacy a moral leadership (Barraclough 91). The popes had completely and effectively made themselves princes of secular and religious status. (17) It is with this role of princely duty that the popes, especially after Urban II's reign, were able to further increase the profits of the unforgettable memory Church and continue to publish proclamations of a nation's right to colonize and conquer infidel lands. The Papacy, too, had its special interests in the situation of the Holy Land and its Western communities. […] The popes were eager also to keep the Crusading armies under their own special control because power over future Christians ensured a successful growth in the population of Catholics (Brundage 190). Historical religious texts, especially bulls, are an important aspect in the growth of the size of the Christian states. Written documents, such as Pope Eugene IV's Romanus pontifex and Alexander VI's Inter caetera , specifically marked where European Christians could and could not colonize. In essence, the crusades have sometimes been styled the foreign policy of the papacy (Erdman xvi).
Specifications limited the ability of schedule, kings to conquer lands as they pleased and, in turn, made winning the paper for websites approval of the pope's favor a profitable endeavor. (18) Thus, to win the support of the pope in word and deed, a nation had to be religiously and politically appealing to the Holy See. In order to accomplish such a feat, kings used the excuse that colonization of new lands was purely for the benefit of nonbelievers. The connection between church and state was accompanied by […] the idea that the defense of the church against pagans and robbers was a good deed particularly encouraged by God and the saints (Erdman 26). The Church could not condone any colonization efforts made by Christian kings unless they had cloaked their desire for gold under the guise of natalie, Christian conversion. As long as the wars against pagans were truly defensive, religious motives were intermingled with the consciousness of your dissertation london, fighting for hearth and home, but Christian kings merely had to suggest that their intentions abroad were of a religious nature in order to obtain papal approval (Erdman 96). Though some kings did have intentions of converting infidels into Catholics, and many might have had the natives' best interests first in performance mind, far too many leaders allowed the promise of land and gold to come before the essay scholarships needs and rights of nonbelievers. (19) Inter caetera and other papal bulls written by the popes are important in the realm of colonization. Ultimately, the treatment and natalie dessay performance schedule, unfair abuse of the infidels were considered and discussed in unforgettable memory terms of means and ends. Though Innocent III had questioned the propriety of the exercise of power by non-Christians over Christians, but had not denied its legitimacy, the natalie dessay performance schedule simple fact that he pondered infidel rights in Quod super his , written in 1199, was enough to begin a public discourse concerning what power the bind dissertation london papal see should or should not have in regard to infidel rights (Green 149).
Innocent IV, in 1243, extended the points discussed to include the right of Christians to take holy lands from native nonbelievers, a right which he carefully supported by stating that only the pope could authorize an attack on a non-Christian prince. While such a premise was supported by natalie dessay performance schedule, the Catholic nations, the issue introduced the college scholarships problem of injuring relations with potential Christians. Ultimately, Innocent IV, reflecting on Innocent III's discourses, publicly decided that Christians not only had the right but also a duty to dessay performance schedule reconquer holy lands for Christians, and the obligation to follow religious decrees, even if infidels were hurt in the process. Innocent IV's decrees, based on the opinions of source cards for websites, Innocent III, paved the way for Christians to reconquer holy lands for natalie performance the Church – even if obeying such decrees meant killing the infidel peoples. (20) According to papal bulls created in 1455, 1456, and 1479, Portugal had been granted the right to all the newly discovered lands, but with the installation of Alexander VI in 1492, Spain gained favor in the eyes of the Church, and all previous allocations to Portugal were overlooked. Unforgettable Memory? Such a situation represents the ever-changing politics and power struggles occurring between Catholic kingdoms and popes for rule over all matters – religious or secular. In order to show his dedication to and approval of dessay schedule, Spanish exploration of Africa and the New World, Alexander VI, a native of Valencia, created three bulls dated May 3 and 4, 1493, to redraw the business lines of Portuguese authority. As the final say on dessay performance, New World colonization, Inter caetera sets the precedence for all following bulls and legal documents condoning and authorizing Christian kings to colonize heathen lands.
Though it did not completely disregard the Portuguese lands, it did not publicly recognize the king or his conquests of African and South American lands, which hinted at the lack of power the Portuguese king held at the changing of papal authority. (21) Romanus pontifex , the bull written by Pope Eugenius in legislation 1453, had originally granted Portugal the right to colonize and settle the New Worlds. Performance Schedule? This bull set the structure by which Alexander VI wrote and unforgettable, published his Inter caetera in regard to the colonization status of natalie schedule, Spain. The bulls by Alexander VI and Eugenius are examples of how important and necessary papal approval of colonization had become in the conquest of new lands and riches. The pope had obtained, by the fifteenth century, the ability to come between nations and kings. He had the power and the prestige to determine which nations and lands were worthy of recognition and power, a power only allotted to those who could offer the Church profits. Conflict and aggression between Spain and Portugal reared as Alexander VI weighed the pros and paper source cards, cons of natalie performance, which nation should represent more land in the New Worlds under the Catholic flag: The outcome was rivalry between the two nations, and disputes about the rights and limits of discovery. Both crowns, Portuguese and Spanish, appealed to the Pope, who accepted the task of arbitrator. His verdict resulted in establishing a line of demarcation, the right of discovery on one side being allotted to Spain, on the other side to Portugal (Bandlier 1). The bull Inter caetera effectively arbitrated power to Spain and essay format, repealed power previously granted by Eugene IV from natalie dessay schedule Portugal. (22) As a document that approves, endorses, and manipulates New World colonization and the conquest of dissertation business, nonbelievers, Alexander VI's Inter caetera demonstrates the amount of influence and power the pope exercised over nations competing for land in North and South America.
The bull Inter caetera is natalie dessay schedule a major document because it represents the development of and the continuation of benchmarks for future legal documents written in paragraph format the realm of legalizing colonization charters. Alexander VI was approached by Spain and Portugal because both disputed what rights the other had in the New World. Performance? Because of the essay scholarships historical precedence and prestige of the Holy See, both kings viewed the pope as an natalie performance schedule ultimate umpire and provider of closure. Alexander VI, sensing that having the final say in who should ultimately obtain greater plots of land in the New World would benefit the Church, graciously accepted the role of arbitrator in the dispute. He demonstrates the power and final word of the papal see because in his bulls on the subject, he repeals and overlooks the decisions made by former popes. Popes Adrian IV, Innocent III, Gregory IX, Innocent IV, and paper, Eugene IV had all written documents and issued papal bulls in regard to the rights and obligations of Christians who attempted to conquer heathen lands.
Alexander VI ignores the words of dessay, former popes, merely hints toward the Portuguese presence granted by Eugene IV in Romanus pontifex , and reallocates territory in the New World in favor of bind dissertation, Spain. (23) Written as a group of three, the Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and performance schedule, Inter caetera (II) became public on May 3 and 4 of 1493. The first two bulls, Inter caetera divinai and Inter caetera , name the Spanish kingdom of your london, Castile as the proprietors of New World land. The third bull, Inter caetera of May 4, specifically demarcates the lines of longitude and latitude provided to Spain, which embodied all undiscovered land. This bull only mentions lands already conquered by Christian princes and natalie performance schedule, does not name Portugal specifically. Alexander VI's bulls embody all of the papal struggles to obtain influence and power over research paper, Christian kings, and their ultimate ability to go back on previous proclamations while maintaining power. The third bull, viewed as the dessay performance final say of the pope, gave the kingdom of Castile the exclusive rights to territory, trade, and the development of the lands in the New World. Conquest could begin west of the meridian one hundred leagues west of the Azores and Cape Verde Islands. The creation of this bull further intensified the unstable relations occurring between the paper source cards kingdoms of Castile and Portugal and further spurred the race to discover new lands, but it also solidified the need to seek the pope's ultimate say in dessay colonization matters. Inter caetera : Papal Allowance of Colonization.
(24) The May 4, 1493, Inter caetera is generally discussed and essay, highlighted because it is the final word of Alexander VI in the dispute between Spain and Portugal over lands west of the Cape Verde Islands. It discusses the lands to be granted to Spain, reassures that the Catholic religion will be spread, gives Spain the right to rule for future generations, denies previous papal decrees in favor of Portugal, and permits Spain to use any means necessary against nonbelievers. Often referred to as Inter caetera II , it closed the door on further discussion concerning Portugal's right to all the lands of the New World supposedly first discovered by Christopher Columbus. Dessay? Alexander VI effectively placed the power in Spain's hands as a favor to his homeland and as an investment in future land for the Church: all the lands discovered by or to essay paragraph format be discovered in the name of the Spanish Crown in the region belonged legally to Ferdinand and Isabella (Williams 80). Alexander VI took into account the manpower, military force, and dessay schedule, political prowess of the Spanish crown, especially in relation to the limited powers of the Portuguese kingdoms, and assumed that Spain would have better chances of colonizing and gaining Catholic power in research paper New World lands. (25) Thus, his final Spanish bull, Inter caetera II began with a recounting of Spain's victory at Granada and other Spanish actions that had enlarged and expanded the Catholic Church to the delight of the pope and affirmed the Church's desire to expand its boundaries (Williams 80-81). To ensure that the Church was not approached and accused of conquest merely for profits, Alexander VI made certain to dessay performance include guidelines for the conversion of heathen peoples.
The usurpation of infidel lands was to bind your london come only in terms of conversion, with land, gold, and treasures as secondary rewards. The pope himself barely disguises the natalie performance greed of the Church for riches as the conversion of heathens comes within lines of treasures. He leaves the dissertation business terms conversion and civilized loosely defined, and violent measures are not forbidden. Alexander VI mandated that the Indians be Christianized and civilized by the Spanish Crown, but he does not concretely specify what means are to be used. (26) Alexander VI defines and reassures religious and dessay schedule, secular leaders of the power of papal authority. He claims that his bull assuredly ranks highest in regard to all documents issued in the colonization disputes occurring between Spain and Portugal (Davenport 75). He recognizes the good essay need to remind the Christian leaders of Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella, of their duty to always put the performance Church first in political actions.
In doing so, he solidifies the position of the Catholic faith in the New World. Alexander VI desires the augmentation of Christian boundaries because such increase in land and believers would increase the possibilities of memory, gaining treasures. In his warning to the Spanish, Alexander VI makes it clear that the ultimate goal of natalie performance, colonizing new lands is the complete usurpation of power in favor of spreading Catholicism: barbarous nations be overthrown and brought to the faith itself (Davenport 75). He expects that the Spanish will meet conquering nonbelievers with success, and he also expects that the persuasive paragraph Spanish kingdom will stop at nothing in dessay performance schedule the name of the Church. Without expressing or providing any support for the Spanish crown beside the approval of conquest, Alexander VI explains that the Spanish will endure hardships on their own: with every effort, zeal, and diligence, without regard to hardships, expenses, dangers, with the shedding even of essay, your blood. Pain is necessary in the conquest of natalie dessay, nonbelievers (Davenport 75). The Church, through Alexander VI's words, is able to dissertation business maintain pressure on nations while distancing itself from violence and wrongdoing. (27) Inter caetera explains, without naming the original Portuguese colonizers, that the Spanish had full reign of the New World. Alexander's words allow the Spanish to make diligent quest for these remote and unknown mainlands and natalie dessay performance, islands through the sea (Davenport 76).
Such a vague and broad suggestion leaves all the lands open while effectively closing conquest for other Christian kingdoms. He acknowledges that there are people who believe in a Creator and who are not heathens in the new lands; infidels who could embrace the Catholic faith and be trained in good morals (Davenport 76). Despite these qualities, he still condones the creation of fortresses and strongholds in preparation for violence. Alexander VI does not try to hide or deny the European belief that all nonbelievers ultimately need violent measures to ensure conversion and to obtain the gold, spices, and very many other precious things of unforgettable memory, divers kinds and qualities (Davenport 76). Uttering the dessay performance words of conversion and unforgettable essay, riches in dessay performance schedule the same breath signifies the ultimate goals of the Church. (28) Alexander VI embellishes his power to make law and take action while denying the rights of previous papal authority. By not recognizing the rights of colonization allotted to Portugal by good reflective essay introduction, Pope Eugene IV, Alexander IV demonstrates the dessay schedule expectation that Christian kingdoms must remain in unforgettable essay present time and natalie schedule, not look too far to the future while planning for conquest. Alexander VI uses words such as forever and unforgettable memory essay, all rights to describe the natalie performance schedule power granted to Spain in discovering more land; he knowingly uses the same words previously allotted to Portugal. When viewed in the present tense, such words are incredible issuances of authority, but when viewed within the context of popes overruling previous decisions, papal authority becomes precarious and can be repealed at any moment.
Therefore, text such as any of said islands have been found […] kings of Castile and persuasive essay, Leon, forever, together […] all rights, jurisdictions, and appurtenances, all islands, and mainlands found and to be found provide kingdoms with the assumption that New World lands will forever be theirs, but there is always the chance that such allocations can be overturned (Davenport 76). The power of the Church to natalie schedule leave kingdoms in fluctuation cannot be underestimated. (29) Such fluctuations occur because the pope does not recognize Portugal by name, which is essay a denial of the influence Portugal had been granted in the conquest of natalie schedule, foreign lands. In a short, quick line, he acknowledges that Christian kings before Spain have colonized foreign lands, but he limits them to those lands. Portugal and other Catholic kingdoms have no right to cross past the Azores or Cape Verde Islands: none of the islands and business, mainlands, found and to be found, discovered and to be discovered, beyond that said line toward the west and south, be in the actual possession of any Christian kings (Davenport 76). The important emphasis of his text is the word actual possession. Alexander VI is able to make such provisions because he is dessay performance schedule aware that no Christian princes have yet to effectively conquer lands west or south of the given line.
He does not mention the scholarships peoples of natalie dessay schedule, these lands, only the land itself. (30) Ultimately, Alexander VI creates a loophole to deny that the Church condoned violence because he emphasizes land and not humanity. By leaving directions vague, the Spanish become responsible for the mistreatment of the heathen peoples: only by forcibly denying the Indians their freedom and appropriating their labor could the civilizing task of assimilation be carried out (Williams 83). Source Cards? The Church, by the fifteenth century, had gained enough political power to be able to draw lines and limitations for colonizing nations. By providing the power to nations for conquests of foreign lands but maintaining a documented distance from the actual actions of the conquerors, the Church was able to effectively maintain an air of moral righteousness over the very same nations they goaded into schedule violence for survival. Alexander instructs the Spanish king and queen to simply instruct the aforesaid inhabitants and residents in the Catholic faith and train them in dissertation business legislation good morals without forbidding violence or aggressive behaviors (Davenport 77). He places ultimate responsibility in the Spanish themselves with the threat of excommunication should they or any other nations disobey his instructions. The thought that future power might be lost must surely have been enough to convince nations to heed the pope's warning and demarcations of land. Inter caetera : The Grand-Pappy of Colonization. (31) Alexander VI's Inter caetera not only reinforces the ability of popes to deny proclamations issued before their decisions but also created precedence for future charters and approval of New World land.
Papal rule and influence had historically motivated Christians to war, and the bull Inter caetera laid the foundations for performance Spanish conquest and a pope's ability to determine who and what could be ruled by Christian kings. Once a bull allowed a king to send colonists to a foreign land, that land would be led in Catholicism with the king's ultimate power flowing from the Holy See. Heathens were not considered deserving of land or power, and at no time were they considered as the owners of their land or as being entitled to any role in connection with its disposition (Dickason 38-39). Thus, the your dissertation london Catholic Church had managed to convince believers of its power and influence in determining the fate of New World land and peoples. Bulls such as Inter caetera solidified papal say in colonization while distancing the Church from any ultimate responsibility in the treatment of nonbelievers inhabiting those lands. Natalie Schedule? For the centuries following, the holy precedent of legal charters and legislation, grants became an everyday occurrence and a natural part of political life. Barraclough, Geoffrey.
The Medieval Papacy . London: Thames and Hudson, 1968. Davenport, Frances G, ed. European Treaties bearing on natalie, the History of the United States and its Dependencies to 1648 . Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1917. Green, L.C., and Olive P. Dickason. The Law of Nations and the New World . Alberta: U of Alberta P, 1989. Erdman, Carl. The Origin of the Idea of Crusade . Princeton: Princeton UP, 1977. Unforgettable Memory? Translated from Die Entstehung des Kreuzzegsgedankens by W. Kohlhammer Verlag. Stuggart, 1935. Muldoon, James, ed.
The Expansion of schedule, Europe: The First Phase . Philadelphia: U of scholarships 2014, Pennsylvania P, 1977. Williams, Robert A., Jr. The American Indian in Western Legal Thought: The Discourses of Conquest . New York: Oxford UP, 1990.