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believe essays best Sometimes personal essays are actually inspired by a belief statement or quotation from someone famous that the writer respects. Do any quotations below ring true with what you yourself believe? If so, one of these quotations might offer a thesis around which you can frame a personal essay about an insight that has made a real difference in your own life. 1. I have found that being honest is the best technique I can use. Right up front, tell people what you're trying to accomplish, and what you're willing to sacrifice to essay on leadership, accomplish it. -Lee Iococca.
2. I know you've heard it a thousand times before. But it's true--hard work pays off. If you want to be good, you have to practice, practice, practice. If you don't love something, then don't do it. Essay? - Ray Bradbury. 3. If you're not making mistakes, then you're not doing anything. I'm positive that a doer makes mistakes. - John Wooden. Essay On Leadership? 4. Quotes Essay? It is a paradoxical but profoundly true and essay on leadership important principle of life that the most likely way to quotes in an apa, reach a goal is to be aiming not at student on leadership, that goal itself but at using quotes in an, some more ambitious goal beyond it. - Arnold Toynbee.
5. I don't wait for moods. You accomplish nothing if you do that. On Leadership? Your mind must know it has got to get down to 7th grade essay, earth. On Leadership? - Pearl Buck. 6. I don't look to jump over 7-foot bars. I look around for 1-foot bars that I can step over. - Warren Buffett. 7. If you deliberately plan on being less than you are capable of being, then I warn you that you'll be unhappy for the rest of your life. - Abraham Maslow. 8. If you don't quit, and don't cheat, and don't run home when trouble arrives, you can only win. - Shelley Long.
9. Success in golf depends less on strength of quotes essay, body than upon strength of mind and character. - Arnold Palmer. Essay? 10. People of format, mediocre ability sometimes achieve outstanding success because they don't know when to quit. Most men succeed because they are determined to. Student? - George Allen. BELIEFS OF JOHN WOODEN. Sometimes personal essays are actually inspired by a belief statement or quotation from someone famous that the writer respects. Do any quotations below from the famous UCLA basketball coach ring true with what you yourself believe?
If so, one of these quotations might offer a thesis around which you can frame a personal essay about an essay, insight that has made a real difference in student on leadership, your own life. 1.A man may make mistakes, but he isn’t a failure until he starts blaming someone else. 2. Ability may get you to the top, but it takes character to keep you there. 3. The main ingredient of persuasive, stardom is the rest of the student on leadership team. 4. Using In An Essay? Young people need models not critics. 5. Talent is God given; be humble. Fame is man given; be thankful. Conceit is self-given; be careful.
6. Student Essay? The journey is greater than the inn. 7. Learn as if you were to live forever. Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Essay? 8.The true athlete should have character, not be a character. 9. Do not let what you CANNOT do interfere with what you CAN do. 10. Be more concerned with your character than with your reputation, because your character is student on leadership, what you really are, while your reputation is merely what others think you are. 11.
Things turn out best for those who make the best of the white tropics discourse essays way things turn out. THINGS I’VE LEARNED……… Personal Essays are based on ideas – insights we’ve learned based on your life experiences. Student? Read the insights expressed by using essay apa, others, and then compose a sentence that expresses one thing you’ve learned about student essay, life. 1. I’ve learned that I like my teacher because she cries when we sing “Silent Night”… Age 6. 2. I’ve learned that when I wave to people in the country, they stop what they are doing and wave back. Age 9. 3. I’ve learned that if you want to cheer yourself up, you should try cheering someone else up. Age 14. 4. I’ve learned that although it’s hard to white essays, admit it, I’m secretly glad my parents are strict with me. Student On Leadership? Age 15.
5. I’ve learned that if someone says something unkind about me, I must live so that no one will believe it. Age 39. 6. I’ve learned that there are people who love you dearly but just don’t know how to show it. Age 42. 7. I’ve learned that you can make some one’s day by on friendship, simply sending them a little note. Age 44. 8. Student Essay On Leadership? I’ve learned that the 7th grade essay prompts greater a person’s sense of essay on leadership, guilt, the greater his or her need to cast blame on others.
Age 46. 9. I’ve learned that no matter what happens, or how bad it seems today, life does go on, and it will be better tomorrow. Age 48. Essay? 10. I’ve learned that regardless of your relationship with your parents, you miss them terribly after they die. Age 53. 11. I’ve learned that making a living is not the same thing as making a life. Age 58.
12. I’ve learned that life sometimes gives you a second chance. Age 62. Essay? 13. I’ve learned that you shouldn’t go through life with a catchers mitt on both hands. You need to be able to throw something back. Age 64.
14. Aristotle Essay On Friendship? I’ve learned that whenever I decide something with kindness, I usually make the right decision. Student? Age 66. Essay Prompts? 15. I’ve learned that it pays to believe in miracles. And to tell the truth, I’ve seen several.
Age 75. 16. I’ve learned that even when I have pains, I don’t have to be one. Age 82. 17. I’ve learned that every day you should reach out and touch someone.
People love that human touch – holding hands, a warm hug or just a friendly pat on essay on leadership, the back. Age 85. 18. I’ve learned that I sill have a lot to learn. Age 92. THE TOP 10 LESSONS I LEARNED FROM CHARLIE BROWN.
For 50 years the daily comic strip “Peanuts” entertained millions of readers. Every day, the adventures of persuasive, Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Linus and the whole gang provided many laugh-out-loud moments while at the same time offering a daily inspiration and lessons on student, life. I remember the many lessons they taught me…. 1. Essay Prompts? It’s okay to be afraid…just don’t let your fears control you. Essay On Leadership? Charlie Brown often sat in bed and spoke of his fears, but no matter how scared he was, he. always did the things he wanted to do. Charlie Brown often lost, failed at much, but he never gave up. Even though he knew Lucy was gong to 7th grade essay prompts, pull the football away before he could kick it….Even though he knew the tree was going to essay, eat his kite…Even though he knew his team would lose the ball game, he kept on trying.
3. Essay Prompts? It’s what you think of essay, yourself that matters most. Linus carried a security blanket for years and his friends laughed at using, him. They also laughed at him because he believed in student essay, the ‘Great Pumpkin.’ Pigpen was a walking cloud of dust and dirt and was often regarded unkindly. Both characters, however, were always proud of themselves and believed they were as good as anybody else—and they were right. 4. Sometimes you need to talk. One thing the ‘Peanuts’ gang understood was the importance of persuasive essay, talking things out. Whether leaning up against Schroeder’s piano or atop the student essay brick wall, they always had someplace to discuss what was of concern to apa, them.
5. Sometimes you need to essay on leadership, listen. Even crabby, self-indulged Lucy knew the importance of listening. She started the famous ‘Psychiatry Booth’ where any and all could come and be heard. Using Quotes In An Apa? Through all their adventures, Schroeder remained constant in student essay, his appreciation of Beethoven and his love of playing the piano. He loved to play piano and that’s what he did, regardless of the circumstances. Essay On Friendship? Charlie Brown flew his kite, played baseball and football, not just to essay on leadership, win (he knew he wouldn’t), but because he loved to do those things.
7. It’s important to have friends that care. The ‘Peanuts’ gang was made up of individual characters, each with their own foibles and talents, but through it all they were always there for each other. 8. Big dreams lead to big things! Snoopy was the biggest dreamer of them all, but his wild imagination often led to even wilder, more fantastic adventures in real life. Snoopy knew that you must have a big dream if you are going to lead a big life.
As Charlie Brown was reminded time and essay format again after prodding from Linus: it takes action to bring about change. Though he often failed, Chuck took action quite regularly….and every now and again things would go his way. While the essay on leadership kids themselves may not have seen the humor in the things they did, Schulz made sure that *we* did. Life is only as serious or as humorous as YOU make it….Lighten up. Essay Prompts? Go play softball.
Fly a kite. Dance with your dog. Smile….it makes people wonder what you’re up to.
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Marketing Where Technology Intersects Life. Whether you’re in a commercial, as my grandson Kameron Badgers is in on leadership, this set photo, a feature film, or a television series, how you list your credits matters to casting directors. Several years ago, a director spotted my grandson juggling at a local festival, and asked him to come in for a part in bind dissertation, a national commercial. The casting director sent an email: “Arrive at 10 a.m., and on leadership bring a headshot and using quotes apa resume.” I had NO idea what an actor’s resume should look like, and the tips I found online weren’t very helpful since they focused on people who actually had credits. On Leadership. My 8-year-old did not. Since then, he’s amassed quite a nice resume for a 13-year-old junior high school kid.
But it wasn’t until recently that his (amazing) agent shared the on friendship rules for creating a professional actor’s resume. Student Essay. I’m sharing them here, because I think a lot of other parents and your dissertation beginning actors are as clueless as I was about student essay on leadership, them. Acting Resume Rule # 1: Divide your credits by paragraph format type. List feature films, short films, industrials, television, theater, and commercials in student essay on leadership, separate categories. Most actors have a commercial resume and a theatrical resume. Genetics Prompts. Most film and television actors do not list modelling, theater or commercial credits on their resume. You should talk to student essay your agent about what to include on your resume – and what to leave off. Awhile back, I was waiting outside an acting class listening to white discourse one mother bemoaning the essay on leadership fact that her son was only cast as a bully or a gang member. She showed a copy of using essay apa his resume to the parents in the room, and it was obvious why casting people thought of student on leadership him for in an essay apa those roles first: half of the one-page resume consisted of the karate, mixed martial arts, and boxing titles he’d won. Another parent suggested eliminating most of that and student simply listing karate, mixed martial arts, and aristotle on friendship boxing among her child’s other skills on the resume.
Among the other things that your agent might (or might not) want you to omit from your child’s resume are academic achievements, child beauty pageant titles, and catalog or print modeling jobs. The key here is to student ask your agent – and if you don’t have an agent, ask an experienced professional acting coach. Acting Resume Rule #2: Use the right terminology. Television, film, and genetics essay prompts commercials use different terms, and none of them use the student essay on leadership same terms as theater. There are no Principals in apa, film, and student essay on leadership no Leads in a commercial. (Note that the word is bind dissertation principal , not principle . Spelling counts.) The following terms are generally accepted.
FILM: Lead (or Starring ), Supporting Lead , Supporting Featured, Supporting, Extra. TV: Series Regular , Guest Star , Co-Star , Featured, Supporting Note: Co-star and Guest Star roles can also recur, just add it (i.e. Recurring Guest Star, 6 episodes, Season 2 ). Acting Resume Rule #3: No one knows your character’s name. Most of the student essay on leadership casting directors who see your resume will have no clue about your character’s name — and persuasive format even fewer will care. All they care about is student essay whether you were the lead, a supporting actor, or an extra. If you want the name of your character in your credits, list it as Lead/Mary or Supporting (Mary) . Be consistent in genetics essay, your formatting.
If you list one role as Lead/Mary , don’t list the student on leadership next one as Supporting (Hannah). If you work as an extra, your character probably won’t have a name anyway. If you are a beginning actor or you are preparing a resume for genetics prompts a child actor who works as a background performer or extra, it’s ok to provide a description instead of a name, but don’t attempt to student mislead about the size of the role by naming a character if you are an “unrecognizable talent”. My teen actor, for genetics prompts example, was very visible in essay on leadership, the trailer and genetics a couple of scenes in a TV show — or at least his back, profile, and body (minus his head) were. He got an essay IMDB credit for the role, but it isn’t on genetics prompts, his resume for the simple reason that no one could tell it was him. The kid standing next to him, who was equally unrecognizable, lists the student role on essay, his resume and essay named his character. That’s his family’s choice, but I don’t recommend it. Acting Resume Rule #4: Don’t guess — don’t lie. If you aren’t sure what kind of role you booked, ask your agent. No agent? Check IMDB or Google.
You can bet the quotes casting director will! I once overheard a casting director chewing a parent out. It seems the student on leadership mom had listed her child as Lead Series Regular on on friendship, a well-known TV series when the kid was actually a Recurring Guest Star who appeared in a multi-episode story arc. The mom was in student, tears when she came out. She hadn’t meant to lie — she just didn’t know there were specific words she should have used. If you don’t have any credits to bind your dissertation put on your resume, list your training and amateur experience (by amateur, I mean things like school or college plays, community theater, and student essay student films), and aristotle get some experience as quickly as you can. Unpaid roles, student films, work as an extra, and other “blink and you miss him” parts won’t stay on your resume long — just enough to let the student essay on leadership casting director know that you’re fresh talent looking for that all-important break. Replace them when you have more impressive credits to list. Acting Resume Rule # 5: Always include the director’s name. When you list your film and TV credits, the key information is the name of the genetics essay prompts film or television show, your role (lead, supporting, etc.), and student the director’s name. Other information, such as a particular TV show season or episode name, and the name of the bind dissertation production company, is student optional.
Here are some correctly formatted examples. Salem — Series Regular (Season 3) — Directors, David Von Ancken, Alex Zakrewski. Other information, such as the season and episode name or number, is optional. For instance, you might list a credit like this to essay prompts make it easier for someone to reference a specific role: X-Men: The Gifted — Guest Star (Pilot, High School Student) — Director, Bryan Singer.
The production company or network is optional. If you use it, this is how it’s formatted. X-Men: The Gifted — Guest Star (Pilot, High School Student) — 20th Century Fox Television, Director, Bryan Singer. Murder Made Me Famous — Supporting (Season 2, Episode 3, Jean Harris, High School Student) — REELZ Channel/AMS Pictures, Director, Brad Osborne. Daylight’s End – Supporting – Director, William Kaufman.
Bonnie and Clyde: Dead and essay on leadership Alive – Supporting – Director, Bruce Beresford. Bernie — Supporting, Carthage Texas Police Officer — Castlerock Entertainment, Mandalay Pictures, Director, Richard Linklater. The Hobbit — Stunt Coordinator, An Unexpected Journey — New Line Cinema, Directors, Peter Jackson, Andy Serkis. Note that, just as in a television series, adding the name of the studio or production company is optional. Also note that if you work as a part of the crew (as in the stunt coordinator example above), the format is the your london same as it is for an actor. JP Morgan/Chase — Supporting, College Savings Campaign 2017. Las Vegas Convention Visitor’s Bureau — Supporting, What Happens in student, Las Vegas ( Spanish Visitor Campaign), 2016. Note that the director is paragraph not listed on commercial credits, although if you know the director’s name, or it is an award-winning campaign, it is perfectly acceptable to list the student ad agency and/or the director. If the commercial is part of a long-running campaign, be sure to specify what ad you are in in an essay apa, unless you are the principal in essay on leadership, the series. What Goes on a Resume (Besides Credits)
Besides your credits, here are the things that should be on your, an ADULT actor’s resume: Name, email, phone number, agent’s name contact information, union status (SAG, SAG-eligible, non-union, etc.), height, weight, eye and student essay hair color, and other “vital statistics”. Essay On Friendship. Note that age is not on this list for adult actors. A CHILD or TEEN actor’s resume has the same requirements as an student on leadership adult’s resume, but must also include the child’s age, a parent or agent’s email and phone number instead of the child’s direct contact details, work permit status (state, expiration date if your state requires an annual permit), and Coogan Trust status (some states like California and tropics essays New York require that a portion of a child or teen actor’s earnings go into a special trust fund that neither the student essay child nor his/her parents can touch until the your dissertation london child is an adult, and you must have one set up in order to work in those states). Note that age is student essay on leadership REQUIRED for on friendship anyone under the age of 18. If you are represented by student essay on leadership an agency, make sure you follow the directions your agent provides for format your resume. Some, for example, want only their contact information on a resume while others allow non-union actors to submit themselves for projects that aren’t being cast through the agency, such as student films, roles as an extra, and other unpaid or low-paid projects. Here are things that should never be on anyone’s resume: home address, social security number, date of birth, or mother’s name. Why? Because they could be the keys to student identity theft and other dangerous practices.
Last, but not least, your acting resume should have sections for Special Skills Talents (this is dissertation where you list things like military training, and the sports performing skills that might make you sought-after for student essay on leadership a role — anything from essay horseback riding to surfing, archery to juggling can be listed here), Training (acting-related education classes/workshops go here if they are significant), and links to your online demo reel and any important sites like IMDB where a casting director could learn more about you. If you have any of the following skills or real-life experience, they should always be on an adult actor’s resume: law enforcement or military experience, medical or first-responder experience, sports skills or experience beyond the high school level, musical talent of any kind. Think about how many TV shows and student on leadership movies need prison guards, police officers, crime scene technicians, doctors, nurses, firemen, or coaches, athletes, referees or officials. There are almost always parts for extras or actors who can play these parts — and tropics essays who better to play a cop or security guard than someone with real-world experience? Who better to on leadership handle a prop weapon than someone who knows how to handle the real thing thanks to military service? How to Deliver an Actor’s Resume to in an essay apa Casting.
When asked to student essay on leadership bring a resume and headshot to a face-to-face audition, most actors use 8X10? headshots (more of head-and-shoulder shots, as casting wants to see more than your face so they can get an in an essay apa idea of your body type), with their resume printed out and student on leadership affixed to the back. Many of the companies that print headshots will print your resume on the back of your photo if you are willing to pay the price. That works for established actors/actresses who have major credits that won’t change quickly, but it doesn’t usually work for child actors or those who are trying to quickly upgrade and update their resume to using in an improve the quality of their credits. So type your resume on plain white paper. Use a sans serif font, and 11 or 12 point type. Keep the resume to less than one page. Once you’ve printed it out, neatly trim off the margins neatly. (I use an exacto knife, a metal ruler as a straight edge, and a cutting board, but if you have a paper cutter, that will do, too.)
Then use a glue stick to attach it to the back of the photo. Don’t overdo the glue — you don’t want it wrinkled. If you have one, use a rolling pin or “brayer” (a tool designed specifically to on leadership keep paper flat as it’s glued down) to make the edges smooth. If you don’t have glue, you can use clear tape — but be aware that tape yellows, and will sometimes pick up odd bits of dust or fluff that show up as the tape ages. Don’t use staples. You don’t want YOUR resume to be the one that causes a casting director to bleed when a staple punctures a finger rifling through a stack of paper. Don’t prepare a lot of extra resumes unless you have a lot of scheduled auditions/meetings with agents of managers. If you are submitting yourself through one of the aristotle online casting sites, the resume they see will be the one formatted by essay on leadership their site, and your headshot will be submitted in the size and format it is hosted on that site. If you are submitting a headshot and resume via email, make sure that (a) your resume is bind your formatted as an essay on leadership Adobe Acrobat or Microsoft Word file, and that if you are submitting a Word file all of the changes/corrections you’ve made have been “accepted” so that the recipient can’t view earlier versions of the resume. Don’t assume that the recipient can view a Google “doc” file or any other format; (b) that your headshot is white tropics discourse a reasonable file size. Don’t try to send a 4 or 5 gigabyte file, as many email systems can’t handle them and casting directors don’t want to fill their hard drives up with huge photo files.
It shouldn’t have to be said, but have someone else proofread the student essay resume CAREFULLY, double checking phone numbers, hyperlinks (if used) and email addresses to make sure they work. Update Casting Sites When You Update Your Resume. Keeping casting sites updated has to be the bane of most actor’s existence. It’s not that hard to update your resume when you sign a new contract — and yes, resumes should be updated when you are officially cast, not after you’ve filmed your role. Quotes In An Essay Apa. But if you have profiles on four or five sites, each with their own unique content management system and format, it’s a pain to update all of them. Do it anyway, and do it when you sign a contract. Why? Because a signed contract could preclude you from essay on leadership consideration for another role, and you don’t want to white essays waste your time or the casting director’s time.
For example, a friend of student my grandson’s signed to film a very well paid commercial for a video game. In the bind london two months after he signed the contract, but before he filmed the commercial, he was cast in and filmed an industrial for on leadership a computer company. The week before he was to film the commercial, casting notified him that he’d been replaced because the industrial he filmed for the computer company was considered a conflict. So he lost a job that would have paid well over dissertation, $15K for one that paid less than $800. Had he updated his resume on all the casting sites as well as on paper, the computer company wouldn’t have hired him — they’d have seen the potential conflict, too.
The most important online casting site is student on leadership IMDB — the essay paragraph Internet Movie Database. You’ll be listed there when a production company that hires you lists your credit. Student Essay. Once that happens, you can sign up for an IMDB Pro account and essay begin keeping photos and credits online, even when the producer doesn’t list your credit with IMDB. I’ve never known anyone to actually be cast because they were on IMDB. Student Essay On Leadership. So why is it the most important? Because it ranks first in Google searches, and paragraph having a profile there marks you as a “professional” actor in the minds of many — including the Internal Revenue Service. (You can only student on leadership deduct certain expenses on your taxes if the IRS decides you’re a “professional” actor.) The other casting sites you should be registered with, and keep updated are: If you are registered with MyCastingFile.com, Central Casting, or any of the quotes essay other databases for student essay on leadership movie extras, make sure you keep those resume sites updated as well. Note that the casting sites listed here are all free.
Don’t waste your time or money on high-cost sites that charge a monthly listing fee to “help you get noticed”. It’s particularly important to keep your agent up to date on any jobs you accept as an extra, because working as an extra on 7th grade essay, a television series or film franchise (a multi-part film, like Star Wars) can block you from later being cast in a bigger part. Student Essay. Agents don’t want to look bad by submitting someone who’s already worked on a project — and you don’t want to waste the time and effort auditioning only to be told you can’t be cast. As always, make sure you follow your agent’s instructions on how and where to list your credits online, and make sure that you are listed correctly in the databases with your representation clearly stated — especially if you have multiple agents for multiple regions, or different agents for commercials, film, modeling, etc. What would you list as a featured extra role? If you were a couple? If your character doesn’t have lines, and isn’t assigned a name, use a description of the character. “Art Show Patron”, “wedding guest”, “kissing couple”. If your character has lines but isn’t assigned a name, describe your line “woman who asks if Verizon got a trophy”, “man who argues with police officer.”
If your background character has neither lines nor a name, and is part of a crowd scene, simply list “background extra, episode name/number” for a TV series, or “refugee woman, battle scene” in a movie. Peter Jackson’s daughter Katie once listed her role in Fellowship of the Ring As, “big eyed child”. An actor I know listed his role as a zombie in a well-known show as, “blood-covered zombie chasing (famous actor)”. Assigning your uncredited character a name is another option some people use. “Greaser teen”, “punk princess” or “Bobby the genetics essay nerdy kid” are examples AI have seen. Ask your agent how to handle extra roles on your resume, and if you don’t have an agent, ask your acting coach. Different parts of the country seem to handle it in different ways. The goal, of essay course is to persuasive paragraph format get to a point where you don’t need to student list extra roles. Be sure you get the name of the production company, the genetics prompts casting company, the project, and on leadership the AD or Director for your scenes — you’ll need them for some of the online casting sites and to get an uncredited listing onto 7th grade prompts IMDB. On my acting resume, I mostly have work as an extra, but I use the on leadership word “background” in place of the word “extra”, is this acceptable on persuasive format, an acting resume? In general, if you are seeking work as an extra or background player, list those credits on your resume.
But if you are putting together a general resume for on leadership a featured or lead role, many experts say not to list them. Back when there was a Screen Extras Guild, most people had two resumes — one for extra roles, one for other roles – just the way people have commercial resumes and film/TV resumes today. The common belief is that if you show up with a resume filled with roles as an extra, that’s all you’ll be considered for. So most experts say, “Take the paycheck, don’t list the credit.” I live in a smaller market (Dallas, TX), and the actor in my household is genetics essay prompts only in student on leadership, the 8th grade.
He doesn’t list his extra credits on his main resume, and using quotes in an essay apa has separate credit lists for different kinds of roles. This week, for student example, he is 7th grade essay prompts filming a recurring role in a TV series, and the resume that he gave to the casting director had no roles as an student extra listed — but this weekend, he’s working as a “featured background player” (an extra guaranteed screen time) on a film, and using essay apa the resume he used to student essay on leadership get that gig did list a number of roles as an extra. Using Quotes Essay Apa. That’s the way his agency suggested we do it. I have an adult son who has worked as a stunt performer for essay many y ears, and he does not list all of his credits on prompts, his resume, either — just the ones he thinks are relevant for a particular casting director or role. He does not list “day player” or extra gigs, although I know he has taken them from essay time to time when things were slower than he liked. Ask your agent about this, and genetics essay if you don’t have an essay on leadership agent, talk to your acting coach. Tropics Essays. They’ll know what casting directors in your area want. I do know that it’s different in smaller markets than in on leadership, LA or New York, largely because in smaller markets casting directors know that actors have fewer opportunities to work at their craft.
If you are listing your work as an extra, I don’t think it matters whether you call it being an tropics discourse extra or being a background player. I’ve seen it done both ways. Student. It does seem to matter whether you are in a scene with one of the essay paragraph principals, and essay were guaranteed screen time, or whether you are simply part of bind dissertation a crowd. Sorry I don’t have a definitive answer for you! Thanks this was very helpful. Student. My daughter virtually no experience. Genetics Prompts. She was an student extra in 2 movies coming out within the genetics essay prompts next 2 years. She was in multiple scenes, but as an extra. I read somewhere not to put in extra work so I was unsure. Also the Center where she studies dance has put on a few productions that she has been in. Student Essay. Would I include them or just leave them blank.
I don’t want to persuasive essay paragraph format pad her resume or anything, but I would like to show she can dance and has been in front of student on leadership a large audience in a theater production, and has been on a set before. OR should I just leave it blank or put No Experience. Using Quotes In An. And just put training and add Extra work and Dance productions to Special Skills?Thank you in Advance for your reply. I think most people include extra work on their resumes in the beginning. On Leadership. If your daughter worked as an extra in a TV series, here are a couple of ways to list it on her resume: Dallas , Season 9, Episode 2, Extra, Director, John Smith. Salem , Season 1, 6 episodes, Servant Girl (Recurring Background), Directors, Susan Jones, James Washington. In a film, you’d like the essay prompts extra credit the student essay same way as a regular role, just identify it as being an extra. If you have an agent, your agent will instruct you how to handle theater or dance performances.
If you don’t, it seems to be a matter of personal preference. If your daughter performs with a well-known dance company, or is cast in a theatrical production as a dancer, then it should be listed in essay prompts, a category like “Theater/Live Performances” –this is also where you’d put things like performing at a theme park, or any other live show. Essay. If it’s just a dance-school recital, then it probably shouldn’t be listed unless that is london (literally) all you have to essay start with. As your daughter’s resume grows, you’ll constantly be editing it and your dissertation taking off “lesser” credits. It’s important to keep the resume to essay one page, including contact information, so it won’t be long before you’remmaking choices about what to put on, and dissertation what to leave off. One thing I’ve seen often on acting resumes is a summary of someone’s experience at the top, right underneath the person’s name “vital statistics”. Something like, “Experienced musical theater performer with extensive live performance credits.” This is followed by the standard film/TV resume. I’ve also seen kid’s resumes with a summary that say things like, “Misty began performing with the Dallas Ballet Theater at age 4, and earned rave reviews for her performance as Clara in the Fort Worth Ballet’s Nutcracker.” Or “In addition to the film and student essay TV credits listed here, Darla has a range of theater, dance, and quotes in an apa gymnastics credits available on request.” Best of student luck to you and your talented daughter!
Regards, Deb. How do you distinguish supporting lead from using quotes supporting featured? Number of lines? Scenes? The casting director or director determines which parts are ‘featured’, ‘supporting’, ‘extra’, or lead roles. Student Essay On Leadership. It isn’t the 7th grade essay number of lines — Jane Wyman won a Best Actress Oscar for “Johnnie Belinda” without uttering a single line. (She played a deaf mute.)
Kameron’s agent always tells us what his role is, and since that deterines his salary as well, it’s something agents always pay attention to. On Leadership. One thing that surprised me is tropics discourse essays that the on leadership listings on IMDB aren’t done according to how important the role is — actors are listed by aristotle on friendship popularity (that is how many searches on IMDB have been done for their nae). So it’s possible for student on leadership a lead actor to be listed on essay prompts, the online database much lower than a supporting actor who is more famous. When in doubt, ask your agent. If you don’t have an agent, ask the director. Just say, “I want to put this on my resume.
How should I list the part?” Most people are more than willing to student help new actors by sharing information and help! This is a perfectly written article, very informative and on friendship helpful, thanks for sharing these acting resume writing tips. I have also read this Guide on Making a Professional Resume for additional information.
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Student essays on leadership
5 Best Florida RN BSN Degree Programs. Nursing is a career path that takes a sharp yet sympathetic mindset, and although it isn#8217;t the right position for those who are faint of heart, it#8217;s a wonderful way to make a good salary making a difference in on leadership the world. This necessary role in society has a good report of possible salary growth within the United States over the next decade, in fact, the BLS reports a 19% increase by essay prompts 2022, which is much higher than the average rate of growth for most jobs across the country. See also Florida RN to MSN programs. This need for nurses is specifically strong in the sunshine state where populations run high and many retirees spend their time. This means that there#8217;s a particularly high calling for geriatric nurses, but for essay, many other forms of nursing as well. Below is a list of 5 of the best schools within this state of Florida that give nurses the theoretical knowledge and hands on experience to succeed in their chosen profession. 1. Quotes Essay! University of student essay Florida College of quotes in an essay Nursing. Founded in 1956, The College of Nursing at the University of Florida provides one of the top educations in the state and is a well-known campus and premier institution for academics in nursing. It produces the highest number of nurses at student on leadership a graduate level within the state and discourse essays, has an average passing grade of 90% or higher within the graduate field of student essay on leadership nursing.
The degree courses at UFL are accredited programs, accepted by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education, and qualify graduates to complete licensure for genetics, nursing within their state. Campus: Gainesville, FL Type: Public Accreditation: Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Tuition: $20,550 per year Minimum Time Commitment: Four Semesters Online Available: Yes, for some courses. Degree Requirements: This is a 4 semester program with classroom, lab and student essay, practical learning courses. Programs: Bachelor of Science in Nursing and Accelerated Bachelor of Science in dissertation london Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Nursing Practice Degree. On Leadership! School Site: Tuition and Financial Aid. 2. Jacksonville University School of Nursing. The Jacksonville University RN to BSN program is an online course which can be completed to 7th grade, fulfill CCNE accreditation for those practicing nurses who have busy schedules and not enough time to enter fulltime into the world of academics.
The coursework covers statistics, nutrition, anatomy, physiology, critical care, community health, and student essay on leadership, research assignments. Campus: Jacksonville, FL Type: Private Accreditation: Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Tuition: Tuition costs $360 for each credit hour and $225 per course for the cost of books and materials. Minimum Time Commitment: 4 years Online Available: Yes Degree Requirements: 123 credits over 4 years with theoretical and practical learning. Programs: Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Masters of Science in Nursing, Doctor of Nursing Practice School Site: Tuition and Financial Aid. 7th Grade! 3. University of North Florida School of Nursing. UNF is a nationally ranked school providing nursing educations to students who are looking to enrich their lives and their academic resume with an accredited degree. On Leadership! The programs are provided online and are diverse and affordable, with a flexible practicum period and no dissertation necessary. Campus: Jacksonville, FL Type: Public Accreditation: Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Tuition: $174.12 per white tropics, credit hour for essay on leadership, residents, $654.25 for non-residents. Minimum Time Commitment: 2 Years Online Available: Yes Degree Requirements: 63 Credits over a period of essay 2 years. Programs: Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, Doctor of essay on leadership Nurse Practice School Site: Tuition and Financial Aid.
Students at Bethune-Cookman learn through a variety of on friendship teaching techniques including classroom learning and applied theory put to work through practical experience. Courses cover leadership, research management, and critical thinking processes and students work towards positions in home-healthcare, hospice, early childhood units, mental health facilities and other health related fields. Campus: Daytona Beach, FL Type: Private Accreditation: Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (BSN Program), National League for student, Nursing Accrediting Commission, Inc. Tuition: $22,958 per year Minimum Time Commitment: 4 years Online Available: Yes for the RN to BSN Degree Requirements: 128 total credits including 68 general studies and white, 68 from student on leadership upper division Programs: Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Bachelor of Science in Nursing: RN to BSN School Site: Tuition and Financial Aid. 5. Prompts! Florida Atlantic University Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing. The Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing is in essay on leadership high demand within Florida and has a good reputation for excellent staff and successful students. They offer a Traditional BSN over a two year period, an Accelerated BSN over a one year period, and an RN to BSN program, as well as other nursing degrees. Campus: Boca Raton, FL Type: Public Accreditation: Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Tuition: $369.82 per credit hour for in state students and $1024.81 for out of state students. Minimum Time Commitment: 2 years Online Available: No Degree Requirements: 60 credit hours and 840 total hours of clinical work Programs: Bachelor of Science in Nursing and Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing, RN to BSN, Master of persuasive essay paragraph Science in student on leadership Nursing, RN to MSN, Nurse Educator, Nurse Practitioner, Doctorate School Site: Tuition and Financial Aid.
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Essay on Leadership for Children and Students
essay on what war is About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Student Essay On Leadership. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.
The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Bind Your. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by on leadership the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Essay On Friendship. Expansion of the war was swift. Essay. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August.
Germany declared war on persuasive paragraph format France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of student on leadership, Belgian neutrality provided the essay prompts British with a convenient excuse to enter the student essay on leadership war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of using essay apa, these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. Student Essay On Leadership. They have sought instead to understand the fears and essay prompts, ambitions of the student essay governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions.
Of the 7th grade essay prompts powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only essay their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. Discourse. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events.
The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and student on leadership, humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of white essays, their German neighbours. France's principal defence against student essay, the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of essay, dissident elements and student essay on leadership, encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched.
The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and white tropics, Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of student essay on leadership, territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate.
Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. 7th Grade Prompts. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the on leadership Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. Tropics Discourse. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and student essay on leadership, decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. 7th Grade Essay. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into student essay, a world war. Britain was the your world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends.
Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and student on leadership, cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of bind your dissertation london, European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and student essay, Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and 7th grade, sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and student, accumulating masses of quick-firing field and bind, heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the on leadership war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to prompts, defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies.
The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. Essay. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Quotes In An Essay. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. Student Essay On Leadership. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at paragraph format, a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in essay on leadership, November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. Tropics. The German army held the strategic initiative.
It was free to retreat to positions of student essay on leadership, tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and essays, ingenuity of essay, German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in essays, 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the on leadership French and genetics essay, their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on student the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of essay on friendship, Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of student essay, 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of using in an apa, 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive').
These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the essay Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action.
The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to bind dissertation, breaching the German line. During the student battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. Aristotle Essay. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in student essay on leadership, front of aristotle on friendship, Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the student on leadership German attacks had petered out.
The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in white tropics, July. Student On Leadership. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the essay apa war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the student on leadership Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Aristotle. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively.
This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on student the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in essay prompts, the autumn of 1916.
By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and essay on leadership, the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in 7th grade essay, Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength.
Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to essay, the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. White Discourse Essays. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. Student Essay. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the using in an essay Russian contribution in the east it is far from student on leadership certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at white, a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in essay, a major Italian defeat at Caporetto.
The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of essay, purpose and essay on leadership, a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender.
In the essay prompts Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of student essay, any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the using quotes in an apa Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. On Leadership. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at discourse essays, the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at essay on leadership, Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to 7th grade essay prompts, assert itself.
Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the on leadership war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in aristotle essay, Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on on leadership 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa.
Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the bind world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at essay on leadership, Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of persuasive paragraph, international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on on leadership the Allied side. The British naval blockade of essay, Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat.
The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. On Leadership. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in essay format, peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Essay On Leadership. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted.
Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of aristotle on friendship, international law and in essay on leadership, defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the aristotle essay on friendship French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for student essay on leadership, the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the aristotle essay on friendship #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on student complacency. Essay. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. Student On Leadership. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by 7th grade prompts European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it.
This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. On Leadership. In 1914 the Germans sought to aristotle, replicate the essay on leadership success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the essay prompts German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows.
Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. On Leadership. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on genetics two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first.
France was therefore chosen to receive the on leadership first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to using quotes in an essay, defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in student, fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by white tropics discourse essays the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in essay, the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige.
It was able to essay format, recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and on leadership, well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of essay format, Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in student essay, a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers.
The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the essay war. Essay. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the using quotes essay commander-in-chief of the essay British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to genetics essay prompts, embrace. The German army suffered from on leadership two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to bind your dissertation, forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. Essay. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to aristotle on friendship, evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.
This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the essay on leadership substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'.
Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Essay. Only after the student essay crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. White Tropics. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to student, make them resentful and suspicious of using quotes in an essay, German policy; it ought never to have been built.
British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the student Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to aristotle essay on friendship, imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into on leadership, the field on the outbreak of war.
From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of persuasive format, northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris.
A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at essay on leadership, least during the first three years of the war. Essay Format. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in student essay on leadership, the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war.
A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. Bind Dissertation. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness.
Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the student on leadership few European political and military leaders to recognize that the genetics essay prompts war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. On Leadership. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for essay paragraph, defeat.
They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and essay on leadership, decide the peace. For the aristotle British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the student long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat.
French animosity and your dissertation london, resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for student on leadership, making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for prompts, doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and essay on leadership, ill-equipped British armies would have to take the bind your dissertation london field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of student on leadership, German military power.
The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in tropics, British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and student on leadership, the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by essay on friendship fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to essay, stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on genetics essay prompts the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.
A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on student on leadership 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on 7th grade prompts the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Essay. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of persuasive paragraph format, joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the student essay on leadership lives of genetics prompts, their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and on leadership, political change.
Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and 7th grade prompts, more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for essay, years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Paragraph Format. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and on leadership, machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and essay prompts, deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one.
The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in essay on leadership, most European armies. The consequences of it were not. Essay. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to student essay, offer a human solution to the problems of the quotes in an apa technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by on leadership generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in prompts, the face of student, huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false.
Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and essay, Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the student essay on leadership mode of instruction was experience. Essay Prompts. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the essay on leadership open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive.
The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the persuasive paragraph format war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to student on leadership, destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. 7th Grade Essay Prompts. These were always broken by shell-fire and on leadership, difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate.
The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. Essay On Friendship. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by student essay actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of 7th grade, surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns.
Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. On Leadership. All types and white tropics essays, calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the student essay on leadership cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible.
Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in persuasive essay paragraph format, front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the student autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and essay, keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear.
The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in student on leadership, a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war.
The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. White Tropics Essays. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the student Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of aristotle essay, 'elastic defence in essay on leadership, depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on genetics prompts a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in student essay on leadership, shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an aristotle essay on friendship enemy infantry assault. Student Essay On Leadership. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the essay on friendship supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by student the bulk of the German infantry and artillery.
This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by white discourse the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and essay, inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. Apa. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by student essay the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts.
This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and essay, Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and student, Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the essay on friendship demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the student on leadership competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of using quotes apa, their empires.
630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and essay on leadership, 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on quotes in an essay apa their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and student essay on leadership, a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 7th grade essay prompts, 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old.
The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Essay. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Aristotle Essay On Friendship. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to on leadership, accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the essay on friendship autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands.
Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and student essay, new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aristotle on friendship, aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the essay classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to aristotle on friendship, maintain.
Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. Student. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to white tropics, the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917.
There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in essay, 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the genetics essay map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the essay Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed.
They were replaced by quotes essay apa a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of student, defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. Aristotle On Friendship. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by essay the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way.
The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. White Tropics Discourse Essays. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. Student. 'This is paragraph, not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of student essay, some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. Apa. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to essay on leadership, superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.
From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.